Historiography Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Sample Essay On Historiography
The article by Michael F. Hopkins titled Continuing Debate and New Approaches in Cold War History published in the year 2007 by Cambridge University Press. This source is extremely credible as it has been peer reviewed and published in the Historical Journal. His writing can be described as a historiography. These are writings of history that are often based on the examination of sources, the selection of several particular details from authentic materials that exists in the sources and the synthesis of these details into narratives that often stands the test of critical examination. The historiography often intends to reconstruct the record of human activities in a bid to achieve a more profound understanding of them.
There are two major schools of thought in regard to the start of the Cold War. The author explains that the first school to emerge was the Orthodox view. This view states that the responsibility for the cold war was squarely in Soviet Union because of its expansion into Eastern Europe. The U.S officials were therefore, forced to respond to the soviet aggression with the calling of the Truman doctrine in a bid to contain the communist subversion that was occurring around the world. Herbert Feis works best encompass the orthodox school thought. His book Between War and peace: The Potsdam conference is an influential book when it comes to the orthodox view point.
The second view is referred to as Revisionism and it started immediately after the U.S involved themselves in the Vietnam War. The United States was seen more as trying to create an empire or even a hegemony. The revisionists argued that the Soviet Union had expanded into Eastern Europe in order to attempt to avoid what they referred to as encirclement by the United States and all its allies. The Cold War and its Origins by Fleming can be said to best encompass the revisionist school of thought.
There are other others such as John Lewis Gaddis that presented other school of thoughts such as the post-revisionist school of thought that argues that Americans contributed to the onset of the Cold War and that their foreign policy was mainly influenced by economic as well as ideological considerations. He also argues that this was a defense response to the perceptions about the soviet policy and behavior.
The author should do more research in regard to the post-revisionist school of thought by John Lewis, it has come to be a major theory but it needs more research which is not provided in the article. I personally believed that the Orthodox school of thought seemed better. It made more sense and it was straightforward. I would therefore, suggest the Orthodox school of thought as I believe it explains the events that led to the Cold War because of its simplicity and it is able to effectively encompass the chronology of events.