Communication Essay Examples & Outline

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Communication


Communication is a way of life and can be considered as a basic need in life. The use of communication is very broad and spreads from one field area to another. In a general view, communication is the process of passing information through thoughts, information, messages, speech, signals, or writing. In history, communication mostly existed between two living creatures. However, with the advancement in technology and the creation of machines, communication can now happen between a living creature and a machine. Technology has brought about a revolution when it comes to communication making it easier and simple for people to contact each other and convey information. In history, communication was a very tiring process since there were no timely procedures that would enhance communication. The barriers were also many so communication was difficult compared to these days.

Definitions
Communication has very many definitions depending on the angle of view of an individual. The definitions for communication include:

1)Any act through which a person receives or gives information from another party concerning their needs, perceptions, desires and knowledge.

2)The act of interchanging thoughts, opinions, expressions or any other information, relevant or irrelevant between one person and another.

The history of communication can be traced back to prehistory era with no certain date to associate with. The change of communication has been happening over the centuries and the factors that have caused the changes are both political and economic. Approximately 100,000 years ago, there was a revolutionary breakthrough in human communication and that was speech. Symbols then were invented about 30,000 years ago while writing is the latest major breakthrough in communication, dating 5,000 years ago. The invention of human speech, made communication way easier though before it was completely developed it posed a great challenge. However, with human speech the sharing of ideas and inventions became much simpler. Other old age methods of communication include cave paintings, pictograms, alphabet, petroglyphs, ideograms, and writing.


Cave paintings are among the oldest form of communication and are a form of rock art. Cave paintings are considered the first mode of communication that the species Homo sapiens tried to use. A pictogram is a representation of information through a symbol that stands for activity, event, object, or place. The art of pictography is the use of drawings to spread information and ideas without writings or explanations. This method was very tricky since the drawings had no writings in most cases; therefore the images were supposed to self explanatory and easy to understand. Petroglyphs were similar to cave paintings and also included carvings being drawn into the rock surface.

Ideograms are a graphical representation of an idea: the art was invented after pictograms. The graphical symbols were very rigid and every symbol could represent a certain significant item to the community. The symbols differed from community to community making it hard for one to understand the other community’s ideograms. Writing can be divided into three subsections: syllabic, logographic and alphabetic. Writing developed over the centuries and the kind of writing that was being used in the fourth century cannot be compared to the kind of writing being used in the world today. The countries that can be attributed to coming up with the earliest forms of writings are Greece, China and Egypt. The three countries are considered the key nations in the development of writing.

Communication is used in almost every aspect of life and business. No business, school or any other organization can be run without the employees communicating. Communication makes life easy and bring people together, making working simpler and creating a perfect working environment. Communication is a key factor in all types of careers from engineering, medicine and even business. In healthcare, communication plays a very vital role. First of all, it is the channel of passing information from a patient to a doctor. A patient cannot get treated by a doctor without the doctor first finding out what is the problem. Communication also creates a link between physicians and the other workers in the hospital.

In treating psychological problems, communications is a major contributor to the patient getting better. This is because such patients are usually very fragile and therefore talking to them is the easiest way of accessing the impact of the problem and the progress being made by the medication. The communication skills of all workers in a hospital need to be perfect and very flexible. This is because different patients are handled differently and therefore it is necessary to have the ability to choose what type of communication skill to use on a patient. This understanding makes it easier for physicians and other health workers to understand the patients better and even end up becoming good friends.

Communications plays an important role in ensuring the provision of quality health to patients. Another advantage of using communication in health is diagnosis accuracy. Diagnosis accuracy is referred to as the correct detection of the problem or disease that is disturbing the patient. Good communication skills of the physician make it easier to detect what the patient is suffering from. The advantage of this is that the patient receives medication for the illness they are suffering against and does not get misdiagnosed. Good communication between the doctor and the patient also ensures that the patient adheres to the medication awarded to them. Some patients have the notorious habit of failing to listen to the doctor’s instructions.

Defining attributes

Communication is only effective in the presence of some three key components. The three key components of communication are the sender, message and the recipient. There also needs to be a medium through which the message is being sent and a medium through which the reply will pass through. The recipient of the message does not necessarily have to be present at the time the message is being sent. The recipient can also receive the message without being aware that the message was being sent. This means that communication can be done over long distances without the people communication not diverging at a central place.

The two communicating parties however have to have a common thing that brings them together. A communication process is said to have an end once the recipient receives the message and understands the intention of the sender behind the message. The process can however continue once a reply is send back from the former recipient to the former sender. Communication with people also has three different primary steps which are very essential and they are thought, encoding and decoding. Thought refers to the information that is supposed to be passed from one person to another. Encoding refers to the message or information that is sent to the recipient and can be in words or symbols. Decoding, on the other hand refers to the process of the recipient of the message turning the information received into a similar way making it easier to understand.

Communication can be either verbal or non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is very common and examples include sign language, body language, haptic communication, and eye contact. Non-verbal communication is used to pass secretive information between two or more people especially in a group of people. Non-verbal communication can be used to seal information since at times it is very hard for one to understand the message behind the gestures. Sign language is used by the disabled people and there is a globally accepted sign language with different signs with uniform meanings all over the world. However, in most cases verbal communication is preferred to non-verbal communication since it is much easier to understand.

In verbal communication, there is oral verbal communication. Oral verbal communication refers to spoken verbal communication. This involves the use of non-verbal elements as well as visual aids to aid the spread of information. Oral communication involves interpersonal communication, presentations, speeches and discussions. In the setting of a hospital, face to face communication is specifically very important. This shows that the health worker is paying keen attention to the needs of the patient. This also shows the patient that the doctor is listening to them and gives patients the courage to open up and speak up what’s wrong. Communication in hospitals however has been made easy due to the technological advancements,.

Devices and gadgets are being used in hospitals that ensure rapid response of health workers when a patient needs them. Unlike a few decades ago, when a patient had to be under the check of the doctor or nurse all the while to ensure that they do not pass away. Nowadays, there are gadgets that the patient can use to alert the doctor or nurse anytime. The devices are very effective since they need the least effort making it easy for any patient to use them. There are also machines that are used to monitor the health of the patient. In case the health of the patient goes down, the machine makes a certain sound and alerts the doctor. In case of the patient’s health getting better it does the same routine. Such machines make it easier to attend to patients and also make the work of the doctor easy. The doctor does not have to run a million tests on a patient while the machine can detect all those changes.


Antecedents

Antecedents refer to the activities or incidents that must take place leading to the occurrence of the concept. Communication in the setting of a healthcare has very many antecedents that are responsible. The most obvious reason for communication in a hospital is the fact that a patient is ill and seeks the help of a doctor. Therefore, the patient must open up and talk to the doctor telling him or her, what they are experiencing. In the diagnosis, the doctor must also access the signs and symptoms of the patient then come to a conclusion. The doctor should communicate the diagnosis to the patient and inform them of their problem. This communication is very important since if the patient does not adhere to the rules given by the doctor, they might probably not get well.

The antecedents for communication related to health care may include any reason as to why the patient is seeking healthcare treatment in the first place. Some of the common reasons why patients may seek healthcare are signs and symptoms of an unknown illness persisting, drastic change in health status, random check-ups, immunizations or any concern by a health worker. All health workers need to understand the use of communication in the setting of a hospital. Communication is the key to patients getting better and in a way speeds up the rate at which patients heal. Communication also improves customer service and enhances the relationship between the health worker and the patient.

Consequences

Communication plays some very vital roles when it comes to the setting of a healthcare facility. First, communication creates a link between workers and the patients, laying a common ground through which these people can talk to each other. The modes of communication are wide, but as long the involved parties understand the message, then there is progress. Communication aids in monitoring of patients, making it easier to determine when the health of an individual is deteriorating or getting better. The lack of good communication skills in a hospital is tragic and the results may be fatal. A failure in the communication systems in a health facility for only a few minutes can show this.

A good example is a life support machine which communicates the progress of the health of the individual in question. Therefore, if the lights go off for a while and the emergency generator is faulty, what can happen? The most probable outcome would be that the patient under life support would lose their life. This is because there is no longer any communication channel that helps the monitoring of his or her health. Such a failure would be tragic since the number or patients on life support in a hospital are very high. There is a need for every healthcare provider or facility to maintain quality communication skills.

Communication also helps in the formation of team work between the employees especially the workers. It aids in rapid response in case of an emergency situation that needs to be catered for immediately. With the right communication strategies, there is job satisfaction and efficiency. In this way, the patients do not complain of the services they receive and the doctors as well are contended in what they do. Patient management and safety is also better with good communication strategies. Communication also enhances the mobility of the workers which makes them available at the right place at the right time. This reduces the chances of doctors or other health workers paying too much focus on patients who are getting better while there are other who are in a fatal situation.

Model and additional cases

Model case: The case below is a model case of the use of communication in a healthcare setting. The case shows the use of communication skills on the side of the doctor which leaves the patient contented while leaving the hospital.

A 45 year old woman visits the hospital due to the persistence of the symptoms of her illness. The woman has been feeling unwell for the last few days and due to her stubborn nature she had been avoiding a visit to a hospital for a check-up. The woman was sure that she is suffering from flu therefore she took medication to visit a hospital. On arrival at the hospital, she met a doctor who had never treated her again since her personal doctor was away on official business. The doctor recorder symptoms of sudden high fever, severe headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting which leads to head ache, lack of appetite and lack of concentration.

When the patient got ion, the doctor said hey with a very relaxed to and asked the patient to have a seat. The doctor asked the patient to feel at home and took a pen and paper to write the symptoms of the patient. All this while, the doctor was listening keenly to the patient and this made the patient feel relaxed. The doctor questioned the patient every time she mentioned a symptom to find out the severance of the symptoms. This was done to find out the effect of the disease on the patient. The doctor also questioned the patient whether she had taken any medication without it being administered by a doctor. The patient admitted to taking syrup and some pills meant to treat flu.

At the end of the interview, the doctor closely examined the signs and the symptoms only represented two conditions, flu and meningitis. The doctor asked the patient whether she was experiencing seizures and lack of sleep. These two symptoms separate meningitis and flu and the patient happened to experience the two symptoms. The doctor then told the patient that if she had stayed a little later before reporting to hospital, she could not have survived. Therefore the doctor calmly talked to the patient concerning her stubborn nature telling her it could have cost her, her life. The doctor gave the patient gave the patient medication and give her his business card. The use of this business card was ever if the patient feels she is not getting better while on medication or off medication, she would call him and book an appointment.

Since the doctor had a meeting to attend, he left the facility together with the patient. During the walk to the car park, the doctor engaged the patient in a general talk which made the patient relax. The patient felt very contented with the service that she received from a doctor who barely knows her. On her arrival home, the patient called the doctor and thanked him for the good service. This case portrays a physician who has perfect communication skills. The doctor does not let the fact that he has a meeting elsewhere deter him from attending to his patient.

Contrary case: The case below is a contrary case of the use of communication in a healthcare setting. The case shows lack of communication skills on the side of the doctor which causes the misdiagnosis of the patient.

The physician in the case below fails to demonstrate the use of good communication skills with the patient. The cause of the lack of good communication skills lead to the misdiagnosis of the patient for flu. However, after a week the symptoms were still persistent and that is when she decided. A 45 year old woman visits the hospital due to the persistence of the symptoms of her illness. The woman has been feeling unwell for the last few days and due to her stubborn nature she had been avoiding a visit to a hospital for a check-up. The woman was sure that she is suffering from flu therefore she took medication to visit a hospital. On arrival at the hospital, she met a doctor who had never treated her again since her personal doctor was away on official business.

The doctor recorder symptoms of sudden high fever, severe headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting which leads to head ache, lack of appetite and lack of concentration. All this while, the doctor was not paying keen attention since he had an important meeting to attend after catering for this patient. Therefore, the doctor was in a hurry to finish serving the patient so that he can have time to attend his meeting without getting late. This made the doctor miss two very significant symptoms, sleepiness or lack of sleep and seizures. The doctor therefore diagnosed the patient with flu and gave the woman medication for flu.

The woman tried to tell the doctor that the signs and symptoms were persistent and that it could not be flu since she had already taken medication for flu. The doctor answered the woman in a rude tone telling her that he knows what he is doing. The woman therefore left the hospital angered by the doctor for his rude tone. Her stubborn nature helped in a way since she did not take the medication and decided to visit another hospital which her personal doctor recommended her to. The doctor in the case above lacks the necessary communication skills and that is the reason for misdiagnosis.
The doctor was in a hurry, therefore did not pay concern to the symptoms of the patient keenly. The doctor did not even think of the patient having meningitis which was the reason the patient was experiencing seizures and lack of sleep. Were it not for the nature of the patient, she could have gone home and taken the flu medication. The condition of the patient could have gotten worse and the eventual death of the patient could be possible. The reason for the lack of communication skills in the doctor is not that the doctor is incompetent: this is as a result of the doctor putting other issue before the health of a patient.

Empirical Referents

Communication can also be referred to a skill, which every individual needs to posses. Communication is a necessity in life and no one can live without communicating with other people. Some individuals have very good communication skills and as a result, they get along with many people. However, some individuals are born with very poor communications skills. Such individuals end up leading a very difficult life since they cannot relate well with other people. Such people never get friends and can be found most of the times by themselves. They end up getting problems and since they can trust no one to talk to, the problem if big enough might consume them.

One should start developing communication skills at an early age. Failure to do so would bring about some complications maybe later on. People who have low communication skills cannot work in a situation that needs interaction with the customers. Some people are born with the problem but in most cases, the upbringing of a child determines the condition. The upbringing of a child is therefore very determining when it comes to the communication skills. A child brought up in a good up bringing mostly possesses good communications skills. However, if the upbringing is negative, the communication skills of the child might be poor. Parents should therefore try to develop the communication skills of their children. If a child shows no signs of the urgency to relate with other children, then there is need for such a child to be taken to visit a doctor for check up. The doctor might found out it’s the child’s character or there is something wrong with the child’s health.

Summary
Communication, as stated above several times is a necessity in human life and every individual needs to communicate with other people. If there was no means of communication in the world, then there would be no value for life. In the setting of a health facility, communication plays very important roles that have been stated above. Communication makes life simple, easy and enjoyable.

Communication is sometimes is used in the wrong way: like passing terror attack messages, the advantages of communication are way ahead of the little disadvantages. In conclusion, every health worker needs to know the effect of communication in the setting of a health facility. Therefore, a health worker must possess not only communication skills but perfect communication skills that will assist in the achievement of their goals. Research and additional studies show that a health facility that has workers with good communication skills end up producing better results than the one that does not have such.