Influencial People & Leadership Essay Examples & Outline

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Influencial People & Leadership

In life there are many instances when the rich and influential people have to interact with poor and less renowned people. In most of the cases, the influential people are always making the decisions and the uninfluential people have to follow the directions given to them. However, the case does not always work like that as it is indicated in the “Sword in the Stone”. Merlin works in various instances to develop the inclination towards following in Arthur using various approaches. The paper will focus on the instances when Merlin is influencing Arthur to become a follower.

The firsts volume of the sword in once and future king starts in the middle ages when England was a happy nation. The destiny in the novel decide that there is a need for the education of Arthur on the ways of being the future king. The education process is unique in that the Arthur is taught on how to develop servant based leadership by a magician by the name of Merlin. Kay is eager to leaver the woods and he leaves Arthur chasing after his prized hawk. While in the forest, Arthur finally stumbles upon a hut owned by a magician who turn out to be Merlin.

The encounter marks the genesis of a major journey between a magician and future king on how to become a better leader through serving. Arthur is interested in the works of Merlin to the point to taking the old magician to the castle. It is after this encounter that the training on how to become a follower starts taking place. The first lesson that Merlin offers Arthur is on how to become a perch.

The beginning of the book is marked by the explanation of the schedule that Wart and Kay follow. The schedule is sterile and traditional since it is the main approach to education used in educating the rich members of the society. However, the description of the lessons that Wart and Kay have to follow is indicative of the order of education whereby the majority of the knowledge is handed down and repetition is a key process in education.

This introduction marks the beginning of the explanation on the importance of education. Looking at the first lesson where Merlin turns Arthur into a perch, there is a need for the subjection of will to the requests placed by Merlin. Arthur has to agree to forget that he is far more influential than Merlin and follow whatever Merlin tell him to do. At this point, the virtue of followership is instilled in the young noble which is a mark of the break from the tradition where the noble always dictate what has to be done.

The introduction that the narrator gives of Merlin is comical. He is depicted as an old man who is covered with droppings. Arthur who is accustomed to the rustic education from Sir Ector found it difficult to believe that the old poor man can become a tutor. The mentorship that he expects to become the future king is less likely to be logged in the ways of an old man living in a forbidden and possessed forest. It is hard enough for wart to follow the teaching provided to him by Sir Ector since like most boys, he would rather have free time playing than stay at home under tutorage of an old man who believes in rustic teaching of Latin and other noble fancies.

However, the learning process under both Merlin and Sir Ector, is similar since the mentors have similar demands when it comes to being followers. For instance, Merlin demand that wart follows his mundane and out of the world instructions when he is conjuring magic if everything is going to work out as planned. On the other hand Sir Hector is keen on achieving the needed control of the students by ensuring that they follow all that the teacher instructs.

The experiments seeking to transform Arthur into various animals were intent on creating the feeling in the future king on how the animal felt. "‘I wish I was a fish,' said the Wart." (White p.45) This means to make sure that the king would be able to emphasize with the plight of the subjects. Using various coercions, Merlin was able to convince Arthur how to react to some issues. He convinced him to allow a participative approach to leadership through the introduction of the round table. This was a unique chance for the leader to become a follower since when on the round table, there was no order of superiority and the knights that sat on the round table could make their suggestions on the way forward without the fear of prejudice from the leaders.

Read also about the analysis of the Novel "Heaven in the great divorce"

In conclusion, the accidental encounter between Merlin and Arthur in the forest marked the beginning of a student teacher relationship that was unique in that it indirectly inculcated the value of leader follower in wart. The approach used in the inculcation of the knowledge was mainly experiential. “Education is an experience…” (White, p.30) Merlin could transform the leader into various animals to mirror the experiences of the animals. The transformations had the effect of creating an empathetic leader who was conversant with the experiences of his subjects. The learning process was unique in that the leader did not know that he was actually being schooled due to the unconventional approach to leadership used by Merlin.

Works cited

White, T. H. The Sword in the Stone. 1st Ed. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1939. Print.




 

Participative leadership


Participative leadership increases the stake of ownership of employees. The first advantage of this system is that there is an increase in productivity. This is because an increased voice when it comes to the decision making process means that there is a sturdy sensation in the management. The employee assumes responsibility and charges, there is often lesser delegation as well as supervision from the managers as the employees feel obliged to do their work optimally.

Further, operational hours may get prolonged without any compulsion or even force from the management and this leads to more productivity (Lakshman, 2006). Another advantage is job satisfaction, in a lot of organizations; most employees who are pleased with their jobs are in participative management. This is especially because they see their proposals and counsel being put into practice (Kim, 2002). One limitation to this system is the slowing down of the decision making process. Participative management often stands for augmented contribution and many people are involved in the process of making decision which slows down the process. This leads to a decrease in the optimal output of the organization. Secondly, another limitation is in regards to security issue where information that is critical to the company might leak out due to the high number of people that know about it (Kim, 2002).

Different supervisors in various departments might be empowered to collect information regarding how a certain process should be done in a company. Therefore, this can be said to be an example of delegation and empowerment being used in participative leadership. Using delegation and empowerment helps the employees to own a decision and consequently they can work on it optimally (Lakshman, 2006). Secondly, the empowerment as it helps increase the quality of decisions as they come from the ground. However, one main limitation is that those that are empowered might be unpopular in the company and this might decrease productivity. Lastly, another limitation is in regards to the fabrication of decisions without necessarily asking from the ground.


References

Kim, S. (2002). Participative management and job satisfaction: Lessons for management leadership. Public Administration Review, 62(2), 231–241.
Lakshman, C. (2006). A theory of leadership for quality: Lessons from TQM for leadership theory. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 17(1), 41–60.




 

Leadership trait theory


The trait approach often focuses on the leader and not on the different followers or even the situation. One of the strengths of the trait theory when it comes to choosing leaders is that the organization will be able to get the leaders that they want. This is because the organization might have a certain deficiency in their requirements and consequently they will be able to get the leader that can offset those requirements (Zaccaro, 2007).

Another second strength is that the trait theory ensures that the leaders when they are in the organization they can be able to effectively work on their core competencies and therefore, spear head the organization into optimal production. One of the main limitations is that the theory supports the general image in the society that leaders are a special kind of people who can do extraordinary things. It therefore, discourages other potential leaders from entering into leadership (Zaccaro, 2007).

Secondly, the trait approach only focuses only on the leader and not on the followers. The traits of the followers are also important in order for compatibility to occur which will allow maximum optimal nature. Behavior theories increase the chances of an organization getting the right candidate for the job, they also increase the chances of one filling in the shoes perfectly as he or she understands his or her core competences (Lakshman, 2006). On the other hand, behavior theories discourage other potential leaders from rising to the helm of the organization in leadership. This is because they might feel deficient in some kind of a way in regards to a certain behavior that they do not possess.

I do think that the use of traits and behaviors is valid in leader selection because in most cases the organization wants to fill a certain hole and a leader with certain traits or behavior can do that perfectly.


References

Lakshman, C. (2006). A theory of leadership for quality: Lessons from TQM for leadership theory. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 17(1), 41–60.
Zaccaro, S. J. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist, 62(1), 6–16.