Truman’s Decision Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Essay on Truman’s Decision
The United States was justified when it came to the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It is important to understand that this was a period of war, where ethics were thrown out of the table. Japan had already killed over 2,500 people in Pearl Harbor bombings. This is despite the fact that the United States had done nothing major to provoke the Japanese (Miscamble, 2011). The United States had cut off trade with Japan and this was the only thing that they had done. The Japanese were conquering the Indian ocean in a rapid way and they wanted to go for the pacific too. They were ruthless in their attacks and they did not care for the civilians.
In addition, it is important to understand that this was nearing the end of World War II. Hitler’s Germany had already fallen and it was out of the picture. However, Japan was gaining more allies and was becoming stronger. It was in fact holding several hundred Islands in the Indian Ocean (Miscamble, 2011). They were the only persons that had not seen that the war was over. The United States moved to take out Japan in several of the captured islands as it was rumored that there inhumane conditions that were not even fit for war. However, the United States took heavy casualties.
The United States had two choices, to prolong the war by establishing a full scale invasion of Japan or dropping bombs in two cities and ending the war overnight. The American government knew that a full scale invasion would cost thousands upon thousands of American lives. This was simply unacceptable and this is the reason as to why the dropping of the bombs is seen as saving the American lives and crippling the Japanese from attacking the United States (Alperovitz, 1995).
It is these two bombs that were dropped in Nagasaki and Hiroshima that effectively ended the war. If this had not been done, who knows the war could have dragged on and even more casualties than those of Nagasaki and Hiroshima would have been witnessed. Therefore, the two cities were used as sacrificial lambs for the greater good of the world (Maddox, 1995).
Alperovitz, G., & Tree, S. (1995). The decision to use the atomic bomb and the architecture of an American myth. New York: Knopf.
Miscamble, W. D. (2011). The most controversial decision: Truman, the atomic bombs, and the defeat of Japan. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Maddox, R. J. (1995). Weapons for victory: The Hiroshima decision fifty years later. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.