The Most Significant Argument In The Federalist 70 Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Sample Essay On The Most Significant Argument In The Federalist 70
The most significant argument made in Federalist 70 is the unitary executive provided for in the United States constitution. The argument has been seen in the sense that, the author tries to argue that unity in the executive division is a major component for energy and safety. The book provides that energy comes from the proceedings of a person with decision, activity, secrecy and dispatch whereas safety emanates from the unitary executive’s apparent accountability to the persons (Hamilton, 2).
According Hamilton, he argues that the importance of a unitary executive are to ensure accountability in the government, it helps the president to remain powerful by ensuring the defense against his by avoiding the encroachments of the legislature and also to maintain and prevail energy in the executive.
He argues also that purpose, direction and flexibility in the executive division of the government will be realized easily through a unitary executive structure and this will be applicable most significantly during the periods of emergencies and warfare (Hamilton, 3). He argue that safety arise from accountability and in general a unitary executive is in a good position to promote this accountability in the government since it seems easier to blame a single person than to distribute a fault among many people within a group.
When a unitary executive fails in performing a useful task for the entire government and country at large, he is not able to cover up the failings by blaming his council members but he has a robust ability to bring, observe and maintain good ethics and social characters in his place of work or office. Through this accountability which is promoted by the presence of a unitary executive, the governance of different tasks and responsibilities of officials will be effective and representative (Hamilton, 3).
He reinforces his argument on accountability further by giving an example of situations where accountability was not conducted led to failures in leadership. He claimed that for a nation or a state to prosper successfully, the council members of a given executive have to be united and conduct themselves ethically or else that entire state or nation or empire will decline in various development divisions. For example he claimed that the poor conduct and continuous disintegration among the council members of Rome contributed to the Empire’s decline. He again gives his warning to the people of America that at the end of his book Federalist 70, due to the situation that happened I Rome, the Americans should be more worried of governance by a plural executive structure like that of Rome than of the application of a single individual.(Hamilton, 5).
The second reason for the existence of a unitary executive that Hamilton is the defense against legislative encroachments. A part from campaigning for a unitary executive, he endorses strength in the executive division of the government. He proves this by putting a claim that a quick and decisive executive will best bring a balance to a slow-moving Congress, which is a body designed for deliberation he also claims that this governmental balance can only be realized by the state officials only if each branch of government with an inclusion of the executive division has an adequate and sufficient power and freedom that is autonomous such that oppression and hostility of one division or subdivision over the other cannot take place( Hamilton, 2).
Another reason for the existence of a unitary executive is to ensure energy in the executive. He argues that energy is the most important ingredient or character in defining a good government. Some other related scholars relate this energy to presidential activity to mean the duties he performs while at the same time some profile the energy as a president’s eagerness to act on his constituents’ behalf. In this book, Hamilton comes up with four components or elements that make up energy in the executive. The four components are necessary for a unitary executive to be energetic according to Hamilton. The elements that he refers to ingredients are: unity, duration, competent powers and lastly an adequate provision for its support (Hamilton, 1).
Unity in the executive is where the core and the most significant argument of Hamilton revolve. The argument also centers upon unity’s role of promoting the executive energy. In his opinion, the contribution of unity to the energy is to permit necessary decision, activity, secrecy and dispatch in the executive division (Hamilton, 2). Similarly, a unitary executive is encouraged and required therefore to act on behalf of his residents as a matter of exercising authority, decision and providing information and communicating to them.
Duration has been discussed by Hamilton to mean that the president should have a term long enough so as to enable him promote stability in the government and to fulfill his duties and goals in serving the citizens or the constituents. The issue of enough time for the term is also to enable the president to act in harmony and in the ways that the public like and expect to be good. (Hamilton, 2).
When he talks about support in energy in executive, Hamilton means presidential wages and salary which reduce corruption and bribery in the government, preventing the government officials from such acts through the promotion of assigning those individuals with integrity, apparentness and honesty in their work or in the office. Hamilton claims that the role of a person in the public service is not to make those working there to become famous or glorious and so just a sufficient pay is enough so as to attract talented and capable politicians. (Hamilton, 3).
The argument is so important in understanding the founding conception of presidency since Hamilton has argued soundly by mentioning how the unitary executive is important for presidents to adopt. Some presidential legal advisors have supported the argument by saying that when the authority of the president is centralized, it is much easier to deal with issues like national defense, war and foreign policy where a unitary executive is able to evaluate and determine the threats, review the policy and mobilize the national resources efficiently and effectively with energy which is much superior to any other division in the government.
The argument also helps in understanding the role s of the president like he should be allowed to grab and check personal property in times of national crisis like forcing an official to fight the war on terror during warfare. This is with reference to energy in the executive. The presidential is also expected to express accountability in his work. Several courts have cited the book to prove that the president should be accountable for his actions and hence cannot be granted freedom from civil litigation.
I have used the first five passages since they contain and talk much about the main topic of which the author argues on. For example, page 2 talks about energy in executive while page one introduces the topic which has let me become familiar with the book and the most significant argument of the book. It also introduces the concept of a unitary executive.
Kaminski, John P, and Richard Leffler. Federalists and Antifederalists: The Debate Over the Ratification of the Constitution. Madison, Wis: Madison House, 1998. Print.
Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison, and John Jay. The Federalist. Fairford [England: Echo Library, 2011. Print.
Cooke, Jacob E. The Federalist. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 2010. Internet resource.
Kerber, Linda K. Federalists in Dissent: Imagery and Ideology in Jeffersonian America. Ithaca [N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1980. Print.