Psychiatric Nursing Free Essay Samples & Outline

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Essay on Psychiatric Nursing

The problem being investigated in the research study is that indeed persons that are suffering from psychiatric disorders are more likely to smoke. In fact, in the United States, the persons with mental illness end up purchasing approximately 45% of the commodities that are sold in the U.S. 25 to 40% of Veterans are known to have a psychiatric disorder and consequently, they often have high morbidity and mortality rates that are often related to tobacco-caused illness. Therefore, this research paper explores this problem (Bridgette Helms Vest, 2014).

The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of participation in a tobacco cessation education on tobacco, alcohol as well as other drugs that are used by veterans who sought treatment for SUD (substance use disorders). Therefore, the research study wanted to understand whether there occur several differences in Veterans that have undergone a tobacco cessation education program and those who have not.

The purpose and the problem do indeed state the population that is being studied. The people being studied in the research is Veterans. These are persons that were former soldiers and according to research 20 to 45% often have mental disorders.

The independent variable is drug use whereas the dependent variables are the time that was taken in order for cessation of the drugs to be complete. It is of the essence to understand that this could be in three weeks or even two weeks time (Bridgette Helms Vest, 2014). The Literature review is outdated, with the most recent article being published around the year 2013. There are articles that are dated as early as 1983. It is important to understand that although there are indeed several facts that remain unchanged, the society keeps changing and so do norm.

Therefore, on a sensitive issue such as research about Tobacco use, there is a need to ensure that there is indeed the most recent literature. Most of the references that are cited are primary, and this gives credibility to the data. This is because the author can compare his findings with those that have done the same type of research. Therefore, by having primary sources, it shows that indeed he did a lot of research when it came to the plan and execution of this study.

The research hypothesis in the study was that there was an impact of residential treatment program for SUDs that included a formal tobacco cessation component on veterans that reported the use of drugs/tobacco and alcohol. The type of study that is being used in this research is experimental. This is because there is the use of participants who are observed and reporting is done in regards to whether they have ceased to take tobacco use after a participating in a tobacco cessation program which focused on tobacco, alcohol, as well as other drugs.

The strengths of the study include the fact that there was a large, diagnostically diverse trial as well as longitudinal data compilation (Bridgette Helms Vest, 2014). There was intense monitoring in the different stages of preparation for admission and the transformation in the Veterans was clearly observed (Bridgette Helms Vest, 2014). In fact, it is important to understand that indeed the result of the study may be able to serve as a model for development of several integrated tobacco cessation program for veterans. The second strength is that there was the provision of care that was integrated for nicotine dependence within a substance abuse treatment program which was designed for veterans.

The first limitation of the study was that it employed convenience sampling and there it was possible that indeed there were other different events beside smoking intervention that might have led to a decline in substance use, as well as smoking. Further, another limitation is that there exists the possibility that there were false reports because the experiment involved the use of self-reporting. It could not be proved that indeed there was abstinence as there were no biochemical validations that came with self-report.

The human subjects were well protected; they were given information about what the experiment entailed, and they all consented to the experiment. They were treated in a good way, and they were told that they were comfortable to leave anytime they wanted. Therefore, there were no restrictions on the things that they could do. Therefore, it is proper to say indeed that human subjects are well protected.

Reliability and validity were not discussed for each experiment. There were instruments which their validity and reliability were discussed, but there are those that the authors did not inquire in (Bridgette Helms Vest, 2014). This is because some of the instruments are renowned internationally. Therefore, their reliability as well as the validity has been tested severally in different peer-reviewed articles. The conclusion does reflect the study findings, and they are made in a concise as well as a precise manner. There are indeed recommendations for future research and what it should entail. The authors can give clear paths on what should be done in the future and how it should be done. This will lead to more findings that will in turn help those that are suffering from tobacco abuse.


Bridgette Helms Vest, C. K. (2014). Outcomes Following Treatment of Veterans for Substance and Tobacco Addiction. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 28 , 333-338.
LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2014). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice.