Fieldwork Experiment Free Essay Samples & Outline

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Sample Essay On Fieldwork experiment

The location for this experiment was at the Lakeside Mall located in Sterling Heights City, Macomb County, in the state of Michigan. The observation occurred on the 4th of February 2015 and the number of adolescents that were observed was fifteen. The estimated age range for the adolescents in the group at the time of observation was approximately 14-17 years old. There were 8 girls and 7 boys that were observed in the experiment. Ten of the adolescents were white (Hispanic included), three were of an African American Origin and the two were Asian.

Biological issues

There were several adolescents that felt comfortable in their own skin. However, there were others who did not appear to be comfortable. For example, one of the female adolescents that was overweight kept on adjusting her chair and pulling her dress down. She seems to be in an unquiet environment and once in a while she would glance at several passer-bys and either pull her dress or adjust her sitting position. On the other hand, most of the adolescents seemed to be comfortable in their skin. This can be told by the way they did not pay attention to their body during discussion and when people looked at them. Some of them sat upright and seemed to be in control of the pack.

Cognitive development

I tried to listen to their conversation and unfortunately I could only get a few words. However, these words were important as they gave me a feeling and an understanding of what the teenagers were talking about. They were conversing about some girl from their class (from this information, I gathered that they were from the same school), and how they would cease talking to her. This showed that they were capable of decision making and reasoning. The reasoning behind not talking to her was because she was mean and usually talked rudely. This statement showed an increase in their cognitive skills, this means that they were capable of abstract thought.

Social issues

The first social issue that I observed was that of confrontation. There was one girl in the group that disagreed with the others regarding them not talking to the ‘mean’ girl. She presented her argument (most of which was inaudible) to the others in a passionate manner. However, with time she sulk down and kept quiet and just listened to what other persons said and never replied to anything thereafter.

The only difference that could be seen in terms of socio-economic-status is the clothing that the teenagers wore. There were those that were clad in what looked like expensive clothes and expensive watches. However, on the other hand there were those that seemed to have clothes that were not too expensive. These were the obvious SES that could be noticed amongst the adolescents. There are several social rules that were being played out by the adolescents, the first included the fact that there seemed to be several group leaders in the group that dominated the group.

These were those that seemed to be confident of the bodies and these were those that played the dominant social roles. It is important to note that there were several observable emotions throughout the conversations. There was a time that there was an argument and there was visible anger. Peer pressure was demonstrated when the girl could not be able to talk during the argument because the other persons looked down on her. They felt that since she was not accepting what the group leaders were saying she was not right at all. It might be true that there other persons in the group that felt the same way, however, because of peer pressure, they could not dare raise a question about the situation.

I observed teenagers that were in the stage of around 14-17 years, they comprised of both girls and boys. Friendship appeared to be a major issue in the teenagers’ lives. Persons that sat down together and seemed to be friends often supported each other in arguments and they took each other sides as compared to other members of the group. Popularity was extremely important, it was clear that it was indeed the popular persons that were making the necessary decisions and were most likely the group leaders (Bigner & Grayson, 2010).

They were also the ones that more often started peer pressure. When in a single group, there were more than two popular persons, there was either an invisible or visible struggle of power between the persons that were involved. They wanted to control the topic that was being talked about and to control the decision making process in the group. Some of these things came naturally to the persons and they did it with natural vigor.

The adolescents communicated in English that mostly slang. They used shortened words and used expressions such as ‘LOL’ and ‘LMAO’. Further, there was the use of informal language in regards to how the adolescents talked. They did not follow the cues of grammar. There was several non-verbal communications that were used by the group. The first included the use of facial expressions. The teenagers used facial expressions when talking about passionate issues. Further, there was also the use of gestures amongst the adolescents when they were talking about certain issues.

There was also a massive use of technological forms of communication, the persons in the group used their mobile phones to text each other and join social media. Some of them seemed to be engaging in social media sites such as FaceBook, Twitter and Instagram.

The adolescents tried to fit different personalities when they were talking. Some of them tried to talk like several people in the society especially pop-stars. This therefore, showed that they were trying to search for a definite identity in the society and they were not sure who they really wanted to be (Eager & Philbrook, 1994). There were some adolescents that seemed to be more confident as compared to others. This was mostly because of positive body image and popularity.

The moral development of the teenagers was evident through the way some of the teenagers talked about one girl not treating other persons in a good way. This showed that indeed that there was moral development in the way they talked (Williford, 1984). They definitely had the opinion of right vs. wrong, this again can be demonstrated by the way they had an opinion of the mean girl. Some of the communication skills that could be seen in the way they talked and acted included the value of honesty, goodwill and truth.

One of the anti-social behaviors that I observed was the fact that there was seclusion and isolation of persons that did not seem to share the same view with the group. This was mostly as a result of peer pressure. This was a severe problem in the group and therefore, most people tried as hard as possible not to go against the group wishes.

The most valuable lesson that I learned from this field assignment was the fact that human development often occurs in stages and that adolescent is an important stage with its own set of pre-determined stages (Taylor, 2010). Further, the behaviors of most adolescents are almost according to the book. The popularity culture and peer pressure amongst adolescents was affirmed through the observation of the group.

References

Taylor, D. E. (2010). Environmental and social justice: An international perspective. Bingley, UK: Emerald.
Williford, S. D. (1984). Teenagers and peer pressure. Abilene, Tex: Quality Publications.
Eager, G., & Philbrook, D. (1994). All about peer pressure. Valdosta, Ga: Mailbox Club Books.
Bigner, J. J., & Grayson, T. (2010). Foundations in human development. Redding, CA: BVT Pub.