Vitamin Deficiencies and Bones Free Essay Samples & Outline

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Essay on Vitamin Deficiencies & Bones

Bone Growth often begins early in the fetal development this occurs at the gestation age and this is often approximately 6-7 weeks, and this continues throughout the rest of the life of a person. Bone-depositing cells are referred to as osteoblasts, and they continually give rise to new bone tissue, while bone destroying cells are often referred to as osteoclasts, and they break down old bone tissue that needs to be replaced. It is of the essence to understand that indeed Diet plays an important role when it comes to bone health and the consumption of certain vitamins as part of the diet often helps someone achieve proper bone growth (Combs, 2008).

Vitamins can be described as substances that the body needs in order to be able to grow as well as develop normally. It is important to understand that the body needs thirteen vitamins and they include Vitamin A, B Vitamins, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K. One can usually get all these vitamins from the foods that one eats every day. It is, however, of importance to understand that the body often manufactures vitamin D and Vitamin K (Combs, 2008). Each of the Vitamins that have been mentioned, above all, have specific as well as certain jobs.

The best way in which one can be able to get vitamins is to be able to eat a balanced diet. However, in some cases there is a need for one take Vitamin supplements. The body often needs calcium in order to be able to keep the bones in the body dense and strong. It is vital to comprehend that the bone density can often cause the bones to be brittle, and they might break (Combs, 2008). These weak bones are often fragile, and they can break without any obvious injury.

Vitamin D

The role of Vitamins, especially Vitamin D is to help when and where the body absorbs the calcium. There is, therefore a need to ensure that one eats foods that are rich in calcium, and this will help maintain strong bones. It can be argued that it is indeed Calcium that is responsible for strong bones (Combs, 2012). However, there is a need to understand that this often is a combination of calcium and other Vitamins. It is also vital to comprehend that Vitamin D also affects how the body uses the calcium, and the maintenance of adequate Vitamin D levels often ensures that calcium would not leach from the bone hence reducing bone density.

It is of the essence to note that most adults often need around 600 international units of Vitamin D each and every day. Vitamin D can be gotten through moderate sun exposure, and it can be boosted further through the intake of dairy products, eggs, fatty fish as well as fortified cereals (Combs, 2012). The deficiency of Vitamin D means that the patients have less mineralization on the surface of their bones. However, underneath, the bones are often still heavily mineralized, and this shows the structural characteristics of older as well as more brittle bones.

Therefore, Vitamin D deficiency is not just associated with the loss of bone density; it also includes the bone quality by changing the way the bone building cells that are referred to as osteoblasts and osteoclasts work. It is important to understand that Osteoclasts that are normally model the bone cannot be able to get through the surface layer and as a result the bone that is hidden underneath continues to age as well as mineralize.

This continues even as the overall bone mineral content progressively declines. It is of the essence to understand that this type of bone damage can often occur at any age as a result of Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is another important Vitamin when it comes to bone growth and development. It supports healthy bone growth by the activation of three proteins that are essential for bone health. One of the proteins is referred to osteocalcin, and this helps osteoblasts to bind calcium and also incorporate into the bone tissue (Combs, 2012).

Another protein, matrix Gla protein or MGP often promotes bone growth while at the same time preserving healthy cartilage tissue. The Vitamin K can also be said to activate a third protein in osteoblasts that is often referred to as protein S. It is important to understand that while its role in the development and growth of the bones is not yet clear, it appears in preliminary research that it helps to promote bone health as well as maintain and preserve bone density. It is of the essence to understand that a single serving of leafy greens fulfills the daily Vitamin K requirements, which include 90 micrograms and 125 micrograms for men and women.

The lack of Vitamin K means that there will be a decrease in the number of new bones formed. This deficiency creates a problem in the body as it is continually growing, therefore, the lack of vitamin K mean that the necessary proteins will not be activated and consequently, growth and development of the bones will not be normal (Combs, 2012). There will be the formation of bones that are not up to standard and which cannot sometimes are abnormal.

Vitamin C

It is almost an obvious fact that healthy bones often need Vitamin C, which is often referred to ascorbic acid. It is of the essence to understand that unlike Vitamins D and K, which support bone growth by entirely depending on the promotion of bone mineralization, the Vitamin C often helps to make collagen that is needed to keep bones strong.

The Collagen fibers are the ones that provide the structural support for the bone tissue. Further, through its role when it comes to collagen production, Vitamin C is also known to strengthen teeth and low levels of Vitamin C can negatively affect both bones and teeth (Sauberlich, 1992).

The diet of a variety of fruits and vegetables often helps one to get to the recommended Vitamin C requirements. The collagen fibers are extremely important and a deficiency in Vitamin C means that they will not be formed in the proper manner (Combs, 2012).

They can be said to be what holds the bone together, they are the cement that exists in it. Therefore, a deficiency in vitamin C means that the bones will get brittle and will not be strong. This, therefore, means that they can break at any instance, and this goes with the teeth. The strengthening fiber that exists will be absent and consequently, there will be the creation of a weakness in the bone structure as well as the teeth structure.

The making of healthful meals that are rich in Vitamins is extremely important in preventing the vitamin deficiencies. One should try to ensure that they get the recommended amounts of vitamins in order to ensure that they normal teeth and bone development.


Combs, G. F. (2012). The vitamins. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Academic Press.
Sauberlich, H. E., & Machlin, L. J. (1992). Beyond deficiency: New views on the function and health effects of vitamins. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Combs, G. F. (2008). The vitamins: Fundamental aspects in nutrition and health. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press.