Late Adult Development Essay Examples & Outline
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Late adult development
Late adult development refers to the age of the adults above 65 years. The increase in life expectancy in the rich nations of the world has led to a rise in the older adults. Adult development at this stage is coupled with changes in the perceptions and role of the person in the society. The majority of the adults in the age bracket are retired. Their contribution to the economy is reduced since they do not work. Most of them could have retired earlier (Pallant & Reid, 2013). Changes in the older adults, lives requires more attention in order to come up with the right approach to treating them. Some of the adults do not need any specialized care since changes in the society indicate that most of them are stronger and mobile. However, even with the increased medical attention, the older adults have some changes that follow a predictable pattern.
Some of the changes may manifest in personality and social relations. The nature of the old is always amiable. Others may be withdrawn such that they have fewer relationships or indicate considerably higher incidences of hostility. Social status of the old people also reduces. With the male older adults, there is the tendency of feeling worthless in the society since they have to be tended by the social care services and their children (Pallant & Reid, 2013). The sense of powerlessness affects their relations with the family member such that they are always trying to prove to their importance. They may insist on being allowed to handle some of their tasks. For the female members, they display the same tendency only that they appreciate more closeness with family members.
Another social development that affects their behavior is the fact that most of the people that they know are in hospitals, nursing homes or dead. Loss of touch with peers affects the approach that they adopt towards the rest of the society (Pallant & Reid, 2013). However, when possible, the older adults appreciate being able to interact with their peers. Old people that do not have adult children are lonelier since they do not have contact with the younger children to keep them busy (Stuckey, 2008).
Caring for the old is a responsibility of the government to the social services department and the children through their individual efforts. Therefore, there are two options for elderly care. One of the options is homecare whereby the family members stay with the old adult. The level of care is high since the attention is fixed on one person (Phillipson, 2013). The resource constraint present in the homes for the old is also absent. Family contact is a major contributor to the increased level of care. The second option is taking them to the homes for the aged. Homes for the old offer the specialized care to notice. They are better equipped to handle the different complications that come with age. Staying with the people of the same age also works for the majority of the older adults. However, the family members ought to visit more often (Stuckey, 2008).
Older adults that are just moving from the work life to retirement often have difficulties. The first days are liberating more so when the person was involved in manual work. However, after some time, the boredom sets in. Management of the time is an issue for the majority of retirees. It is important to find a hobby to occupy the idle time (Phillipson, 2013). Some of the older adults have stayed in the workplace for a long time such that they feel attached to the organization. Attachment ranks high among the main reasons for the insistence of older adults past the retirement age to remain at the workplace even when the contribution to the organization is nil or even negative. Adequate preparation for the departure is required to help the old deal with their retirement (Stuckey, 2008).
At the age of transition, the older citizens may have contextual difficulties. The married older adults have the social cushioning against the effects of ageing and changes. Therefore, marriage determines the efficacy of the transition (Stuckey, 2008). The peer relations are crucial. Most of the peers understand what each other is undergoing. They are more important in most of the cases than family. This is the primary justification for the establishment of the homes for the old (Phillipson, 2013). Family relationship is, however, important (Stuckey, 2008). Families are sources of assurance for the older citizens. They are also the most constant aspects of their lives.
The United States has various legislations meant to accommodate the older adults. The Older Americans Act defines the age of an older adult. It also set the standards of social care that the older adult qualifies for (Phillipson, 2013). Social Security Medicare focuses on the development of the easier mechanisms for accessing affordable medical attention. It also sets the subsidies for the older adults when accessing medical care.
Pallant, J., & Reid, C. (2013). Measuring the positive and negative aspects of the caring role in the community versus aged care setting. Australasian Journal On Ageing, 33(4), 244-249.
Phillipson, C. (2013). Ageing. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Stuckey, J. (2008). Caring for the aged as individuals in the community. Psyccritiques, 53(20).