Social Policy Free Essay Samples & Outline

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Sample Essay On Social Policy

The social policy and crime explores poverty, housing, education and crime amongst other problems can be viewed as social problems. The author argues that policy is extremely important when it comes to the reduction of crime. The authors also argue that in social policy there is a need to investigate how the societies understands human need, social justice, equality and considers the ways in which the institutions that exist in the modern state and supra states can address the social problems and provide for people’s welfare.

The authors argue about the deterrence of criminals. The authors question whether indeed the correctional systems is effective as a deterrence of criminals. The first step in solving any problem is identifying its source. The state has taken a very strong stand against crime, especially crimes relating to drug use and distribution. Law enforcers are stricter than ever, and they have declared war against drug cartels. More people are being sentenced to serving time in prison than ever before. Prisons have never been more crowded than they are today.

The authors take head on the issue of drugs and locking up the criminals that are involved with drugs. They argue that the first step in dealing with the war on drugs should be the source. Most of the drugs being distributed around the state probably come from one source. Identifying this source is one of the biggest steps in stopping its distribution. According to the Drug Enforcement Agency, there are criminal groups, which operate from South America and smuggle heroin and cocaine into the United States through a different routes.

These include land routes via Mexico, maritime routes on Mexico's west and east coasts, sea routes via the Caribbean, and global air corridors. The criminal groups operating in neighboring Mexico smuggle heroin, methamphetamine, amphetamine, marijuana and cocaine into the United States. They have been doing this since the 1970s.

Most of the drugs distributed throughout the state come from Mexico. These criminal gangs smuggle drugs across America’s open borders southwest of the USA, through seaports and to a by air. Most of these drugs, which are smuggled into the country, come from well-organized cartels which operate across the borders. Some of them receive assistance for the law enforcers in Mexico.

A huge number of the people in American prisons are foreigners. Some of these people are in prison for drug related crimes, either having been caught in possession of these drugs or having participated in the sale or distribution of the drugs. Seventy six percent of these people are Mexicans. Many others are being held in county and city jails. Some of the people who ought to be deported to their respective countries are held in American Prison.

Read also about the monetary policies in place

In regards to the concept of locking everyone up, the authors argue that in order to help lessen overcrowding in prisons; it is important that immigration laws be enforced. Through prosecution and apprehension, law enforcers would not only alleviate overcrowding in prisons but also address the ever-growing criminal elements, which if left unattended, would negative impact on the correctional facilities, the criminal justice system, and on society as a whole.

Running prisons costs taxpayers a lot of money. One way through which these overcrowded prisons can receive some relief is by minimizing the cost. Overcrowded prisons do not necessarily indicate societal failure. The crime rates in the have gone down significantly. This is because most of the criminals are already in prison, and are no longer a menace to society. One way through which these costs can be reduced is by privatizing county jail systems.

Privatization of correctional facilities would lead to competition. This would lead to greater efficiency with the available resources. If private prisons offer the same quality of security and service to the state, and provide those services at a lower price, everyone wins. Forty-four percent of private prisons (that is, 67 of 150) are recognized by the ACA (American Corrections Association) for having met the nationally accepted guidelines put in place for operation quality, maintenance and management.

On the other hand, only ten percent (465 out of 4,800) of the correctional facilities managed by the government have been recognized by the ACA. Creating more effective prison systems in the private sector could alleviate the problem of overcrowding in prisons.

The authors argue that the allowing of plea- bargaining only contributes to the problem of overcrowded jails and prisons. For instance, illegal aliens who are given the chance to plea-bargain their cases end up being deported, and this may result in these same criminals coming back to the country to commit more criminal activities. Plea-bargaining also allows these criminals to receive lesser punishments for the crimes they committed. Shorter jail terms or fines instead of jail terms only lead to higher crime rates.

According to research, plea-bargaining significantly increases recidivism rates among criminals. This only adds to the cycle of crime and arrests, leading to overcrowded prisons. They should instead be subjected to punishments that are likely to lead to reforms, such as extensive community service for people who commit minor crimes. This would decongest the prisons and still serve the corrective purpose of punishment.


Ronald L. Akers Christine S. Sellers Introduction, Evaluation, and application Sixth Edition