American Indians & Alaska Natives Essay Examples & Outline
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American Indians and Alaska Natives
The Indians believe that the Americans have subjected them to undue influence as well as putting them under unnecessary pressure. This is reflected in the history of America in their pursuit of the American dream and is reflected in the way that their policies are formulated. These policies have not only made Indians desperate but have also created a sense of hopelessness among the Indians. The demands of Indians have changed over time in order to try and help the Indians to make a positive contribution towards the modern world (pg 185).
Emphasis has been on formulation of better policies that will ensure that the Indians are appreciated. The American Indian government through the Bureau of Caucasian Affairs will ensure that the Indians are offered education as well religion in order to ensure that they become more civilized and help build America and ensure they live happier lives (pg 187).
Over time treaties have been created which are aimed at ensuring that there is no encroachment of the white people into Indian land. In these treaties, it was agreed that Indian land is considered communal and at no occasion would this land be sold without the consent of the other Indians. Such a treaty was meant to ensure that the Indians were not pushed out of their land into the lakes.
Flags had also been used as an indication that the Americans had adopted the Indians and had been an indication of security to the Indians. However such flags were abused, and many Indians were murdered in their villages. Due to this the Indians have very little confidence in Americans and it will take a lot to change this (pg 97).
It is of the essence to understand that the fate of the American Indians often varies greatly in different parts of the continent. In fact, the regions of the great American civilization, in were densely populated when the Europeans arrived. There are several challenges that the Native Indians and Alaska natives face in the United States. It is of importance to note that most non-native Americans have not encountered Native Americans in their daily lives. Some of the challenges that they face include prejudice, inequality and mistreatment in the broader society. The American Indians and Alaska Natives are often seen as being backward and having little education.
There are also health concerns as alcoholism mortality rate for American Indians is often two times as compared to those of the U.S population as a whole. In terms of income, they often get less money as compared to other persons. Further, because the America Indian, as well as Alaska natives, comprise a very small percentage of the U.S population, and they can be described as being relatively invisible. This, for this reason, makes the information to be susceptible to different stereotypes. It is also important to note that American Indians can define themselves, and when they are unable to do, they often linger into depression and low self-esteem. Most American Indians have also reported decreased feelings of community worth. There is, for this reason, a need to understand these people in order to deal with their problems. One cannot be able to solve their issues if one does not fully understand where their source of conflict is and why it exists in the first place.
Most of the tribes that belong to American Indians and Alaska natives often have median wages that are below the poverty line. There have also been issues of rampant drug abuse amongst many tribes that are either American Indians or Alaska Natives. In fact, according to a congressional testimony that was given by P. Ragsdale, drugs are slowly destroying the lives of American Indians. In fact, tribal leaders are often using words such as out of control as well as epidemic when it comes to their description of the tribe’s experience with drugs. The social effects of the drugs in many cases often go beyond the destroying of the body and the mind of the user. They sometimes lead to the addicted parents neglecting care for their children and the drugs fueling, rape, child abuse, as well as other violent crimes in the United States.
Culture has often been defined as the shared values, norms, customs, history and institutions of a group of people. It is important to understand a culture as it often helps persons to understand how other persons in the world interpret the environment. This is because culture often shapes how people see the world and how they function within that world that they are in. The culture shapes both personal and group values and creates a perception of what works and what does not work.
There are several factors that one should look at when counseling someone from a different culture; firstly, there is a need to identify barriers and bias that comes with treating individuals from different cultures (Eshun & Gurung 32). The second thing is that there is the need to utilize what can be described as culturally sensitive and appropriate interventions that are based on the race, ethnicity and sometimes the language that is being spoken. Thirdly, there is the need to identify resources that are in many cases available that will help to eliminate the language barriers and communication barriers. This three methods will go a long way when it comes to assessing the culturally diverse needs of the client
When counseling a person from a different culture, there is the need to understand that there sometimes exists stereotypes that are not necessarily true (Eshun & Gurung 32). The understanding of a culture often helps persons to avoid the stereotypes and biases that can often undermine their efforts. There is a promotion of focus on different positive characteristic in a particular group and it consequently reflects an appreciation of the different cultural differences.
Clinically, there is the need to develop cultural programs that will work in a competent way; these programs should be appropriate to serve people of different and diverse cultures. Each person that go through these tests should be able to understand the core fundamental capacities of empathy, genuineness, and warmth. For this reason, in order for a person to achieve cultural competence, there is a need for them to learn that there is a need for an attitudinal set of behavior skills as well as moral responsibility.
This will help persons have what can be described as culturally congruent attitudes and behaviors. When these three essentials intersect, there can be competence that can be said to be brewing and values, and affirms of the cultural differences among their clients can be done.
Eshun, S., & Gurung, R. A. R. (2009). Culture and mental health: Sociocultural influences, theory, and practice. Chichester, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell.
Colucci, E. (2012). Suicide and culture: Understanding the context. Gottingen: Hogrefe & Huber.
Rodríguez, M. C., France, H., & Hett, G. (2013). Diversity, culture and counselling: A Canadian perspective. Calgary: Brush Education.