Booker T. Washington’s Contribution to Civil Rights Movement Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Sample Essay On Booker T. Washington’s Contribution to Civil Rights Movement
Washington, Booker T., Geraldine McTigue, and Nan E. Wooff. Booker T. Washington Papers Volume 10: 1909-11. 2015.
The Washington papers have gained crucial as the main Black and American Historiography publishing enterprise. The papers reveal the black Americans private world during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The authors provide a critical personal perspective on interracial connections during the “accommodation age.” The papers also outline the Booker T. Washington contribution in the civil rights movement in between 1909 and 1991 where Washington remained the most influential black American figure. His phenomenal impact during this time underscored in the papers, documenting his dominant influence on the president Theodore Roosevelt to end the racial discrimination of the black community, and the increasing dissatisfaction of some black Americans with the leadership and philosophy of Washington.
However, Washington’s dominance had various challenges. For instance, the inaugurated president Howard Taff opposed Washington and so did the newly founded Advancement of Colored People National Association. Additionally, widespread race riots, blacks’ discriminatory laws and lynchings also challenged Washington’s influence. However, Washington did not stop his efforts to call for better relationships between races and improve the educational and economic opportunities for black Americans. Through his South speaking tours, Washington affirmed his civil rights movement by drawing large enthusiastic crowds of the people who were influenced by his charismatic style and intelligence. His involvement in the routine life and administration of Tuskegee, and redefining of the duties of the George Washington at the education institute was a major contribution to blacks civil rights. Additionally, the period saw Washington is increasing work on “My Large Education (1911)”, that led to “Up from Slavery and the 1912 The Man Farthest Down, a working class study in Europe which were also effort towards civil rights movements.
Norrell, Robert J. Up from History: The Life of Booker T. Washington. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011.
From the 1960s, Martin Luther King, Junior characterized the leaderships of the blacks protest against the white authority using direct actions. Norrell, in his book, outlines Booker T. Washington’s contribution in the black leadership during Jim Crow’s era, where he used a different strategy to lift blacks. In his influential biography, the author demonstrates how the segregated South conditions compelled Washington to adopt a less contentious strategy to achieve equality and freedom for blacks. His contribution to civil rights movement includes his call for blacks to acquire economic independence. He also called for black American’s development of moral character that would give them civil rights as full citizens.
Even though, largely accepted as a realistic way of integrating black people into the life of Americans during his ear, his strategy has been disregarded since 1990s. Norell reveals the Booker T. Washington’s full-length biography in a generation. For instance, Up from History, he reveals the larger context whereby Washington worked and his struggles against the white’s bigots, who opposed blacks’ economic ambitions and the black Americans intellectuals such as W.E.B Du Boise who disliked Washington’s influence and other inconstant allies such as Theodore Roosevelt.
Additional, the book outlines the detailed positive power of Washington’s vision that gave hope and optimism to conquer the past oppression and current discrimination of the black race. In fact, Washington’s ideas have since ignited people all over the developing world that there are various means of struggling for justice and equality. Further, Up from History restores Washington as the powerful historical figure sanctuary of the black American leader and critical force in the civil rights movement, revealing his mission, achievement and his poignant man he is.
Bieze, Michael, and Marybeth Gasman. Booker T. Washington Rediscovered. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.
The authors reveal that Booker T. Washington, the United States’ founder of the African American education as the studied, celebrated and despised by students and scholars because of his continued contribution to the civil rights movement in the United States. Washington was born into slavery, freed and brought up in the South Reconstruction. He was an active educational reformist in the later and early 19th and 20th centuries respectively. He used education as weapon to bridge the racial divide in American. He pulled himself from slavery and rose up to be the most influential black American leader and the founder of Tuskegge education institute in 1881. He later became the blacks’ spokesperson to improve the blacks through education and industry. He received national fame in 1895 for the Atlanta address and attracted political and public attention as the renowned spokesperson for African Americans. Through his prominence, he established network of supporters in various black societies made up of black ministers, educators and businesspersons. He played a profound role in black politics and won enormous support among the blacks and more in the increasingly liberal whites (mostly the rich whites in the North). Through this, he gained access to the key national political, philanthropist and educational leaders to influence civil rights movement.
The book explores the work and life of Washington through his speeches and writings. Based on his previously unpublished writings, influential speeches, key private, and public documents collections, the authors offer a balanced and informing figure of the controversial and misunderstood African leader. The books outlines the primary themes in the life, politics, religion, celebrity, philanthropy, education and race of Washington and reveal how his range of thoughts and evolution of thinking are critical to the civil right movement and the freedom of the African Americans. The innovative and multifaceted, leader Rediscovered offers an opportunity to experience Booker T. Washington’s works, his intention, examine this black leader in his own right, and compare his contribution to the civil rights movement with those of others such a W. E. B. Dubois.
Verney, Kevern. The Art of the Possible: Booker T. Washington and Black Leadership in the United States, 1881-1925. New York: Routledge, 2001.
The book is a study of the Booker T, Washington ideas and achievements as the most significant blacks leader between 1881 and 1915. Today, most of the historians recognize that the 1950s and 1960s Civil Rights Movement was a crucial mark to end of the complex, enduring development of the period (1881-1915). The decades following the 1880s saw significance changes to the black African society because of the start of the racial segregation, urban growth and industrialization.
Examining Booker T. Washington’s leadership during these centuries, the authors explore topics like Washington’s influential responses, both at private and public spheres, to racial segregation, the reasons behind blacks’ urban migration and compare the philosophy of Washington to the ideas and initiatives of the famous African American leaders of his time such as Du Bois, Marcus Garvey and Frederick Douglass.