Cuban Revolution Essay Examples & Outline

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Cuban Revolution

Cuba managed to be the only country in the region to accommodate communism. The country had communist tendencies since its formation in the early 1920s. The country was the only loyal sphere of influence under the Spanish control towards the end of the colonization period. However, it still witnessed numerous clashes between the creoles and peninsular. The confrontations are the main bases for the formation of communism in the country.

The country fell into violence with the conflict given the many people that clamored for adoption of force. The chaos was only quelled by the promise that all the people will be equal. This promise may have been misguided and too ambitious, but it worked. The dream of everyone rising to the same status as the colonial masters were always appealing to the Cubans. These wars were tantamount to belated reaction and clamor for a free nation. Occupation of the island by the United States for two years led to the classification of the country and all that it promoted under the same category with Spain.

The country was another oppressor aimed at the reduction of the absolute control of the country. Therefore, the leadership and population in Cuba developed an aversion towards the United States since they assumed that the country was another colonialist. However, under the two years that the country was under the occupation of the United States, the development levels were significant with the country enjoying a system of education for the first time.

The developments made in the country during the period were significant such that the argument on the similarity between the occupation of the country by the Americans and Spanish lacks any basis. The departure of the Americans from the country led to the immediate collapse of the system of governance that they had built. The country reverted to the same level that it had previously been operating.

Instability in the country led to the development of communism. Communism seems to accommodate all the people regardless of their status. It also created the illusion that the country can attain equality in terms of the distribution of wealth. It also led to the notion that the nation was going to be more prosperous under it (Benson, 2013). There are some gains that the mode of governance brought to the country such as the stability and unification. However, there were other failures of the system that led to the questioning of the viability of communism as a system of governance. Coming up with the right approach to the system of governance proved to be more daunting than the public was made to believe (Benson, 2013).

Corruption rocked the government establishments. Therefore, the system of governance proved to be a major failure. The government was no longer viable for the majority of the successes that it attained were charades orchestrated by the Soviet Union in a bid to prove the best system. They were also compromises on the part of Cuba for the installation of Russian nuclear heads towards the United States in the event of war. This paper will prove that communism was botched experiment in Cuba just like in the rest of the countries.

Batista was the epitome of tyranny. The ironical aspect was that he was liked by the American government. The ability of the dictator to pass the policies of democracy was supported by the United States despite the fact that the United States purported to be the bastion of democracy. United States was the self-appointed guardian of Batista's government. He was a result of Roosevelt's neighborliness policy. Batista's rise to power was dramatic with the trend taken defying the common approaches to military rank progression. He rose from a stenographer into a dictator. He came into power by overthrowing the government of Gerardo Machado.

The disposed leader was a liberal, and he was in line with the general tenets of democratic leadership. The ability to overthrow the government led to the accession of the king maker into power. As a kingmaker, he was valuable to the United States when it needed to place leaders into power that will dance to its tune. The United States sent an implicit invitation to the dictator to rule whether directly or otherwise (Benson, 2013). The power that he wielded allowed him to rule the nation from the background using the puppet rulers. His ability to manipulate the actions of the people to reflect his goal was his main asset. While running the government, he ensured that the tradition of prolonged corruption was upheld. He also ensured that the interests of the United States government and businesses were constantly upheld (Benson, 2013).

Initially, the people were duped to believe that the real rulers were the puppet residents. They believed that the system of government was focusing towards the propagation of self-rule. However, they later came to learn about the real power play. As a result, there were widespread feelings of disdain towards the leadership. The only limitation was that Batista was backed by the American government. Any attempts to remove him from power were less likely to succeed.

There was also a belief that the Americans were behind the actions of Batista. The aspect mentioned above did not help increase the perceptions of the people towards the leadership. In fact, the beliefs that the American system was faulty and there needed to be another way of doing thing started budding. Therefore, the American involvement in leadership was the main basis for the development of the assumption that communism was the best alternative way of governance (Castro, 2004).

He was elected into presidency after defeating his long all time. In his tenure, he ensured that the American interests were well protected. He covered both legal businesses and illegal businesses. He was a strong ally for the Mafia in the United States. He was also a major partner with the government of Eisenhower. Being able to control the region from both sides made him attain invisibility which led to the increased political killings. All the opponents of the leader were gunned down by the government forces. Others just disappeared never to be seen. Most of the people began expressing fear over the excessive pore wielded by the government. He lost his second bid for presidency only to be replaced by leaders that operated in similar manifestos (Benson, 2013).

Carlos was a political protégé of President Ramon Grau. He served as a minister in the Cuban government. Given his past in the revolutions and clamor for justice, the widespread expectations were that the leadership would be more progressive and poised on the development of the people. However, the mode of governance that he adopted deviated from the expectations. He was the proceeding leader before he was ousted by the army under the leadership of Batista. After he had been ousted, he fled to the United States (Benson, 2013).

Fidel Castro made the first attempt to oust Batista with a group of 123. The outcome of the attempted coup was increased bloodshed with eight people dying in the fracas and eight more murdered after being captured. Castro's determination for a better nation was not botched by the event. After the failed attempt, Fidel Castro escaped to Mexico whereby he continued training for the second attack on the Batista's regime (Benson, 2013).

Castro is extolled for the maintenance of a sane nation for the 50 years. The nation has been able to make the strides due to the focus of the government on the development of the capacity of the people. It may not have worked as capitalism, but it was a period of stability during which the nation was capable of working towards the attainment of the overall goals. Therefore, Castro was good for the nation in that aspect.

Castro was also a failure in that he promised to deliver so much to the people but failed (Campbell, 2013). He was focused on the hatred that he had for the capitalists to the extent of forgetting the real goal. He inevitably allowed the Soviet Union to use him for the advancement of the cold war agenda. The decisions that he made lacked the moral basis. They also lacked ways of implementing the manifesto that he promised. Therefore, Fidel Castro's regime was a failure. The system is bound to fail with the aging of the president. His long stint in the office is over

In conclusion, Cuba has never had a good and stable system of governance (Castro, 2004). The only hopes of a legit government were shattered by the self-interest and puppet leaders. The long history of violence and the apportionment of blame on the United States led to the aversion towards capitalism and any other thing that was linked to the United States of America (Campbell, 2013).


Fidel Castro: People & events. (2004). PBS Web site. Retrieved February 27, 2015,
Campbell, A. (2013). Cuban Economists on the Cuban Economy. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Benson, D. S. (2013). Cuba Calls: African American Tourism, Race, and the Cuban Revolution, 1959-1961. Hispanic American Historical Review, 93(2), 239-271.