Child Abuse Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Sample Essay On Child Abuse
Child abuse can be described as a physical, sexual or emotional maltreatment of a child. In the United States more than three million reports of child abuse are reported annually, it has graduated in a terrible epidemic, and in fact it has been argued that over 20,000 American children are deemed to have been killed in their own shelters by family members over the elapsed 10 years.
Physical abuse of the child occurs when the parent causes any non-accidental physical injury to a child; sexual abuse on the other hand includes when a grown-up uses a minor for sexual purposes or at times involves the child in sexual acts. In the case of emotional abuse, it occurs when a parent or a caregiver harms the child's mental and social development and consequently, causes the child severe emotional harm (McCoy 46). Lastly, there is child neglect, which involves a parent or caregiver and does not give a care, supervision, support and affections that are needed for child's health well-being, and safety. This paper is going to describe child abuse in the United States.
Child abuse can be described as a complex phenomenon that often has multiple cases. It is of the essence to concede that understanding the cause of abuse is crucial to the addressing the problem of child abuse. Research has shown that in the United States, children that appear from unintended reproductions are more likely to be neglected and abused. In fact, neglect in the United States is by far the most common child abuse form and it accounts for more than 78% of all the cases. Substance abuse can also be another major contributing factor when it comes to child abuse and in fact, it has been observed, that parents that have documented substance abuse are more likely to mistreat their children. Further, unemployment and financial difficulties have also been associated with child abuse (McCoy 12).
It is important to understand that child abuse can often result into several immediate and adverse physical effects; however, in many cases it is often strongly associated with developmental issues as well as many chronic psychological effects. The immediate physical effects of child abuse can often be relatively minor this includes cuts and bruises to severe effects such as broken bones to death. In terms of psychological problems, it is important to understand that children that have a history of neglect are often at a higher risk of developing psychiatric problems and a disorganized attachment style. In fact, in the United States many children that are abused eventually form a psychological issue, and some of these issues often include eating disorders, OCD, depression, and anxiety. There is also a correlation of those children that have been abused to become child abusers themselves.
In order to prevent child abuse, there is a need to create support-group structure that is need to reinforce parenting skills and to closely monitor the child's well-being. It is of the essence to perceive that visiting home nurse or the social workers visits are often required in order to observe as well as evaluate the progress of the child and the caretaking situation. The United States has designated April as the child abuse prevention month. This is intended to ensure that there is education regarding child abuse and that parents understand that there are laws protecting children. There are several treatments that are often available when it comes to the victims of juvenile abuse.
It is of the essence to understand that trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy is developed to treat the sexually abused children, and it is currently being used for all the kinds of trauma for children. The abuse focused-cognitive is often designed for children that have experienced physical abuse, and it often targets the externalizing of different behaviors and it strengthens the different pro-social behaviors.
Lastly, there is also the use of parent-child interaction therapy that is often designed to improve the child-parent relationship that follows the experience of domestic violence (Jenny 94). It is of the essence to agree that the parent-child interaction therapy often targets trauma-related symptoms in infants, preschoolers, and toddlers. There also exists some other forms of treatment for child abuse, and it often includes group therapy, art therapy, and play therapy.
There are several organizations that exist at the state, national and county levels in the United States that often provide community leadership in the prevention of child maltreatment as well as neglect. It is of the essence to note that the many investigations in child abuse are often handled on a local level by different child advocacy centers (Jenny 73). There is a need for more groups to be formed and for them to focus on specific prevention strategies in order to reduce the amount of cases of child abuse in the US.
In conclusion, the child abuse includes sexual abuse, neglect, physical abuse and emotional abuse, and it has been increasing in the United States. The causes for child abuse include substance abuse, unintended pregnancies and financial woes in the families. There is, however, a need to prevent these child abuse cases in order to keep children safe and for them to grow in the right manner.
McCoy, Monica L, and Stefanie M. Keen. Child Abuse and Neglect. New York: Psychology Press, 2009. Print.
Investigation and Prosecution of Child Abuse. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2004. Print.
Jenny, Carole. Child Abuse and Neglect: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Evidence. St. Louis, Mo: Saunders/Elsevier, 2011. Internet resource.