Malingering Free Essay Samples & Outline
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Sample Essay On Malingering
The central theme in the definition of malingering is that it often applies to persons who in most instances deliberately pretend to have an illness or even a disability in order to receive an external gain (Greenberg, 1997). One of these gains might be financial or to avoid responsibility and punishment. It has often been noted that indeed personal gain has always been the biggest motivation in regards to malingering. Malingering can in most cases take many forms; however, it is critical to understand that the tendency is to fake mental illness.
Malingering therefore, involves faking symptoms. In most instances, malingerers often avoid symptoms that are associated with serious psychiatric disorders and this is because it is often very hard to maintain such symptoms (Vitacco J., & Rogers, 2006). Criminals understand that if they claim that there not of sound mind during a crime, the court can decide to treat them as mentally ill which will mean that there were not aware of the consequences of their actions. There are several tests that are often employed when it comes the detection of malingering, they often include the structured inventory of malingered sympotomalogy, the psychopathic personality inventory, Trauma symptom inventory, and the M-Test (Vitacco & Rogers, 2006).
The benefits especially when it comes to criminology include the fact that those that evade punishment, responsibility and dangerous situations can be caught. Further, the mental health practitioners are often able to decrease the probability of malingering which can cause criminals to go free. However, the tools have limitations as there can be difficult of determining malingering as there are several symptoms that can be easily faked. The use of less severe symptoms can often go undetected (Boccaccini & Murrie, 2006).
In forensic psychology, the tools are often used to understand whether indeed criminals are trying to fake illnesses in order to evade punishment. However, in therapeutic psychology, there is a comfort level that is looked at the malingerers and there is a need to try and remedy the situation for the malingerer.
Boccaccini B., & Murrie K., (2006) Screening for Malingering in a Criminal–Forensic Sample With the Personality Assessment Inventory. Psychological assessment, 415-453.
Greenberg S., (1997) Irreconcilable Conflict between Therapeutic and Forensic Roles. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 50-57.
Vitacco J., & Rogers R., (2006) An Evaluation of Malingering screens with competency of stand trial patients: A known-Groups comparison. American Psychology-Law Society. 249-260.