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Over the last years, the movement of illegal settlers in the United States has been a serious issue. Now, loud voices on every side shout one another down and avoid any discussion of genuine solutions. Smears of forgiveness have tarred various politicians, and the thought of dealing wisely with the 11 million illegal settlers in the U.S appears to be an abomination for numerous on the right. The current Republican debates only verify the extent to which immigration is a scorching button issue.
There is a need to deal with this issue in the right manner and this often means taking into account that some of these illegal immigrants have had their children in the United States and some of them have lived in the United States for more than 10 years. These persons I believe should be given a chance to correct their wrongs. The government should create a system for only the illegal immigrants that live in the United States where they are given the chance to effectively become U.S citizens.
However, how do common Americans feel concerning immigration? Five current polls run by institution from across the political scale – from Fox news broadcast to Latino Decisions – clearly illustrate that the enormous greater part of Americans support smart decision on immigration reorganization and reject mass banishment. They support a way to nationality for persons who are component of the communities, pay back taxes, learn English, and many other things, and they discarded tearing the families separately (Cozic 43). Put plainly, these polls demonstrate that the ideological radicalism of something that is right is well outside the normal pragmatism of the American populace.
They argue that these illegal immigrants have been part of the American community and should therefore, be given a chance to live legitimately in the United States. Most of them were found to know hardworking illegal immigrants that came to the United States in order to try and find better lives for their children. They were described as hardworking and extremely supporting the local and national economies. Therefore, it is ethically wrong for a nation that was built by Immigrants to chase out immigrants that have stayed in the country for more than five or in some instances ten years.
Exploring even more into the data, it turns out that no matter who an individual is – poor or rich; conservative or liberal; college student or not; brown, white, or black; or even a member of the Tea Party – these consequences still hold true (Simon 18). And they are only the most recent in polling that extended back years, demonstrating that America is far more in line with genuine solutions to immigration transformation than are native right – wingers.
With some politicians arguing that the rate of illegal immigrants in the USA is increasing, and something ought to be done, the same information got into a debate, which drew the public’s attention. It then became a public agenda prompting the President of USA to look deep into the issue considering the views of both the citizens of the United States and the Immigrants. The president recently gave an executive order that might enable some illegal immigrants to come out of the shadows and register with the government so that they can be able to pay taxes, and help in the building of the country (Mayer 21).
However, there is a need for the government to do more than that, it should create a law in congress that will help solve the issue of immigration once and for all. There is a need for the government to create a system where ‘only’ the living illegal immigrants in the United states can come out of the bushes and register to become citizens. This system will give these hardworking illegal immigrants the chance to become United States citizens.
However, while there are so many individuals debating on the issue, it must be realized that every individual in the United States is an American citizen. Coming up with the laws that would send back the illegal immigrants into their country seems to be so unfair since this same individuals contributes to the welfare of the country. In fact, according to study by Harvard economics, the illegal immigrants are pivotal to the economy and if they are integrated into citizens of the United States by a clear legal channel, their contribution might increase tenfold as they are going to pay taxes to the government and consequently increase revenue collection. The laws on immigration should be implemented, but they ought not to affect those individuals who are already in the United States of America.
Despite the fact that various laws have been enacted to deal with the immigration issues, there are still some issues that ought to be looked unto because of the different opinions that those individuals living within the United States of America have. If I were a political activist, for instance, I would try to educate people on the importance of having the settlers in the country having in mind the fact that majority of these individuals have been in the country for years and have facilitated the development of the country at large.
The United States can be described as a country of immigrants, therefore, the citizens should not look down upon the illegal immigrants as there was a time that their grandparents or ancestors tried to enter the United States ad might have been through hardships (Commission, 16). They all came to look for a better life for their children and themselves. Therefore, the United States should not be a country that banishes hardworking illegal immigrants but instead it should create a system to ensure their integration into the society. Additionally, the policy that ought to be in place is one that should protect the immigrants and not deny them the opportunity of being citizens.
In conclusion, governments have the responsibility of taking care of its citizens. The responsibility of ensuring that the people eat, children go to high-quality schools and even have a roof on their head. Not all these can be achieved if individuals from other countries are illegally moving into the country. Therefore, the issue of immigration law should be taken seriously if the government wants to prevent the illegal entry of immigrants into their states. However, such laws should protect those individuals who are already within the states (Commission, 22). They should be given a chance to correct their wrongs by passing through a legal process where they can be able to become genuine American Citizens. This is because, despite the fact that they are not citizens of America, they have contributed a lot to the states.
Commission, 9.. Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. New York: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon United States. 2004
Mayer, M. A., Carafano, J. J., & Zuckerman, J.. Homeland Security 4.0: Overcoming Centralization, Complacency, and Politics.
Magleby, David B, Regina Swopes, Mary Barnes, and Noah Zerbe. Government by the People. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.
Bernhard Ryan, Valsamis Mitsilegas. Extraterritorial Immigration Control: Legal Challenges. New York: BRILL.2008. Print
Cozic, Charles P. (1997) Illegal Immigration: Opposing Viewpoints. London: Greenhaven Press. 1997. Print
Jessica Saunders, Nelson Lim, Don Prosnitz. Enforcing Immigration Law at the State and Local Levels: A Public Policy Dilemma. New York: Rand Corporation. 2010. Print
Controlled immigration can bring a lot of advantages to the destination state. Immigration can either be good or bad and it depends on how it is managed and kept at bay. Unrestricted as well as planned settlement can be disastrous. However, legal immigration can be described as different phenomenon altogether. It involves the admitting of particular individuals in different agreed numbers, generally in response to several shortages as well as needs. Human capital can be described as the most valuable resource in any economy and by large it has been seen that indeed people that move from their country to go work in order to better their work and their standards of living. These are often described as the people that boost economies in countries. Planned and controlled immigration often allows the different host government to avoid formation of cultural or several linguistic ghettos and it regulates the net influx in order to better the infrastructure in order to keep pace. This paper will describe the reasons as to why there is a need for controlled immigration and also the ways in which controlled immigration can be achieved in the United States.
It seems that a no brainer that an increased immigration might reduce the wage of native born Americans. In fact, a supply and demand model often shows that more workers often means that there are low wages. Therefore, this is one of the reasons as to why there is a need to control migration in order to ensure that people in the United States do not compete for jobs with other foreigners. America has a robust welfare system and immigration often leads to unskilled workers to flock the United States in order to take advantage of this robust welfare state. Studies have shown that legal immigrants might be taking more in benefits in welfare as compared to the money that they pay in taxes. However, these results are conflicting as there is no number that shows that indeed the number of illegal immigrants in the United States. In the United States at the moment there is no currently no numerical cap in the number of children and spouses that an immigrant can have. There is a need to have a cap on the number of children and dependents and this number must reflect the economic reality, this includes the skill level of the immigrants as well as the unemployment rate in the labor market.
The United States has over the years exported thousands of high tech ad middle income jobs around the world. They are expected in the same order to allow high tech jobs into the country. The immigration policy often affects the different sectors of the society. This is regardless of the status that one is in, immigrants can be described as having playing a central role in the life as well as growth of the nation. Immigrants often contribute around $10 billion per year to the country’s economic growth. However, after the September 11 attacks, there have been an increase in discrimination as well as suspicion amongst the immigrant population. However, there are several key principles that despite controlled immigration should always be looked at. The first is always to ensure that there is a path to permanent residency. Hard working immigrants are often contributing the country, and they should be lowed and encouraged to come from their shadows ad regularize the status that they are in. The immigrants should be given an opportunity to become United States Citizens.
There is little question that the United States immigration policy needs a major overhaul, the surge in immigrants is overwhelming on many essential services such as social services given the fact that there are some states that have relatively small budgets where the resources are already stretched thin. Americans can be described as being ambivalent, if not downright hostile towards immigrants whether legal or not. Benjamin Franklin grumbled about the German speaking newcomers, the Chinese, and the Italians. They were seen as too alien to be assimilated into the American society. A million new Americans per year is the current flow into the United States. This is an extremely high figure even by historical standards. There have been arguments that immigrants often keep America young and dynamic.
The typical immigrant is often in his or her late 20's. Most of the people in favor of immigration argue that the payroll taxes that are paid by the young immigrants often postpone the financial insolvency for several federal programs such as Social security and Medicare. They further continue to argue that because of their mobility, most of the immigrants tend to fill the gaps in the work force as compared directly to the different native works. On the low end of the paying scale, immigrants often fill jobs that the Americans have shunned while on the high end the immigrants often concentrate on several specialized fields such as research as well as engineering. The proportion of legal immigrants can be described as having an advanced degree is often three times higher than among the native born. In fact by several estimates, more than one third of the research engineers that live in Silicon valley are foreign born In a comprehensive study of immigration that was released in the year 1997, the national Academy of sciences concluded that immigrants contributed over $10 billion in the United States economy every year.
It is of the essence to note that in every measure such as social behavior, education, future income, the children of immigrants often outperform the children that are born to the natives. Generally, African cities which have relatively large immigrant populations often tend to have stronger economies as well as lower crime rates as compared to cities that have small immigrant populations. In the year, 1997 on study of immigration, the impact of America’s 85 most populous city, it was determined that cities that had highest concentrations of immigrants outperformed those cities that had lowest percentage of immigrants in terms of the economy, education and general lifestyle.
Most propagandists of the populist politics have been blazoning in unison with several primitive media set arguing that immigration is bad. However, it is a common fact that despite the numerous benefits that are mentioned above, there is a need to control immigration. This is because an influx in population can be detrimental to the economy in that there will be a stretch in the resources that are available for consumption by the general public. However, one of the ironies of the current debate about immigration is the fact that that if one cannot trace their family tree to a Native American then they too are immigrants. Between the year 1880 and the year 1930 there was an influx of over 27 million that entered in the United States and most of these people about 20 million of them entered through the Ellis Island in New York City. In fact, only 2 percent of the 27 million people were turned away.
The influx of the people placed similar strains on New York and other cities where immigrants decided to settle and many new arrivals often face hostility as well as ill treatment that most Americans often display towards a new wave of immigrants. People that come from Mexico, South America and Latin America often face ill treatment and hostility from Americans. However, it is imperative to understand that the wave of immigration that occurred a century ago has had important contributors to the American culture, education, science, business and health care. There is a need to cope with the current wave of arrival. However, building of walls around the country will not stop immigration.
The problem is not even illegal migration, it lies in legal migration. There are several sources of legal migration in the United States. The first source is high skilled immigrants. Most high technology companies have cited that they cannot be able to find enough trained workers in the United States. This especially involves computer engineers as well as software programmers in order to meet different labor needs. The federal government years caps at 65,000 the number of several high skilled immigrants that have been allowed into the country annually because of the H-1B visa program. There are several opponents of the quota increase who argue that businesses are exaggerating in the worker shortage in order to keep wages down, because the supporters often argue that the America’s high tech companies often need to hire the best workers in order for them to available to stay competitive.
There are several immigrants that come to the country because of troubled relations with their country. For example, there were about 30,000 Haitians that fled persecution in their homeland between the year 1991 and the year 1995. Congress has drafted bills in order to grant them a permanent legal status, this in turn increase the number of legal immigrants in the United States. In order to control legal immigration, it is imperative to understand the different foundations of why legal immigrants are coming into the United Sates. The United States best almost each and every country in many areas however, it comes to educational achievement, and American students can be described as plain mediocre. There is a need to improve the education system in the United States in order to improve the level of professionalism that is needed by the companies that claim they want high level skilled workers (Bean 76).
The United States has a diverse and broad system, however, there is a need to form a standardization system. In fact, there is a need to standardize two things, firstly, what the students are taught and how the children are assessed. This will ensure that the students get more quality education and consequently, this will help improve the nature of education in the United States. Further, when it comes to college education, there is a need for more institutes that offer advanced education and training in several fields such as engineering. This will in turn ensure that indeed there are a lot of students in the United States that are capable of taking up several jobs in the competitive industry.
One cannot handle people accountable for the things that they do not know. Therefore, if a nation is not adequately teaching teacher’s ways of how to be effective, one cannot reasonably expect them to be up to the task. In fact, accountability can only work if people learn and grow in order to be held accountable. However, America has being the complete opposite, the government has thrown high stakes at testing at children, when the results are great the teachers are given more money. However, when the children do not perform they are punished and sanction and in some cases the schools are closed down. In the system there is totally zero research when it comes to the understanding of the different polices that actually work. There is a need to have many new initiatives in order to try and improve teacher evaluations as well as performance. Both the teachers and their students need to understand the policies that work. The individual strengths of the teachers and their weaknesses should be noted and they should be improved. This will ensure that the system is improved and it will improve the quality of students that are churn out of the system. This in turn will increase the quality of labor in the country and effectively reduce the number of legal immigrants that come to work in the United States.
Non-citizens should not be permitted to sponsor anybody, the idea that green card holders and people in the United States on a probationary basis can be allowed to bring over their children is nonsensical. This is because the United States at the moment is a tight labor market and consequently the increase in immigrants will automatically make it hard for persons to get jobs in the market (Canterbury 41). However, despite the controlled migration, there is a need for a considerable amount of legal migration into the country. Anybody that is qualified and is trying to live the American Dream should be given a chance to do so. The biggest problem is that America as a nation should not let illegal or legal immigrants come to the United States and overwhelm the welfare system, health care and education.
Another way to ensure that immigration is controlled is by ensuring that the influx of refugees are controlled. There have been a lot of asylum seekers in the United States in the last decade there is a need to ensure that there is control. Most of the United States asylum seekers policies do not often accord with international human rights obligations. For example, the United States has a policy of indefinite detention and it can allow asylum seekers to stay permanently in the United States as long as they show justifiable cause (Medina 32). This law is biased and does not mean that the only way for United States to meet its internal obligations s often to provide permanent residence to everyone that arrives on the shores and is often found to be in need of the country’s protection. There is no law neither the refugee convention nor any other law that makes the government provide a refugee with a home in the sense of incorporation into the wholesome national community. Temporary protection should be made a key part of America’s Asylum seeker policy. This is because there has been an influx in the number of asylum seekers in the United States and there is a need to control this number.
There should be a case to case assessment of how long a given individual can stay in the United States. Permanent residence in the United States should only be given to the deserving people that have been experiencing cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. People that are granted temporary protection visas should be allowed to reunite with their families after several years. It should be noted that forced and irregular migration to the United States should be taken into account, given that no single state can be able to resolve the problems refugees and asylum seekers. There have been arguments that the United States has been generous in the past in the response to habiting refugees as well as asylum seekers in the past. However, this argument has no place to any particular response to asylum seekers in the present.
This is because the present and the past should not be put together because of a zero sum game where the generosity often outweighs cruelty in another. There is a need to have a critical understanding of past responses for asylum seekers and refugees. The population of the United States has been increasing at a tremendous rate and therefore, there is a need to tame it. Therefore, asylum seekers should shed light on the extent of time that they intend to spend in the United States. This is because there are several asylum seekers that come into the United States with falsehood faking a sense of threat and creating a level of secrecy and alarmist sense of urgency to be accommodated in the country.
In order to control legal migration the government needs to radically change it course. It needs to issue fewer work permits, close down colleges that are bogus and enforce repatriation orders. The United States needs to tighten the family reunification program. The government needs to ensure that the family reunification program is reduced as it has also contributed to increased legal migration in the United States. This effort needs to take in all stakeholders in the government to ensure that indeed people are able to understand the consequences of limiting the family reunification program to families in the United States (Chetail 12). There are polygamous families that have brought into the United States several big families and this should be put into consideration when a law is being drafted to cut down the family reunification act. Further, in an effort to ensure that the immigrants do not become dependent on America’s welfare system, there is a need for all the legal immigrant to prove that indeed they can independently support the different members of their family that seek to come into the United States. Specifically, the must be able to earn at least the United States minimum wage and they should not be reliant on the assistance from the United States Federal government.
There is a need to put up a policy that spouses of United States citizen need to wait at least three years before they can be able to apply for a 10-year residence permit. This will help in cutting down the illicit legal migration that has been occurring in the United States where people get married in order to come to the United States. There is also a need to limit the access to residence as well as citizenship. There have been calls for several illegal immigrants that broke the law to become legal citizens by offering them legal status after being residents in the United States for over 10 years (Cornelisse 12). This should not be allowed as it will increase the influx of legal immigrants into the United States. There is a need to limit access of people to become residents in the United States, a legal document should be drawn up in order to ensure that there are requirements of integration. Therefore, there is a need for draw up a legal document that will restrict access to residence as well as citizenship in the United States (Cornelisse 28).
In conclusion, there is a need to control immigration into the United States. This will be important as it will enable the people in the United States to maintain their jobs as well as have access to better healthcare without necessarily sharing with increased number of immigrants.
The United States over the years has had a robust system in which it has accepted asylum seekers, accepted broken families to reconnect with their loved ones and also allow high skilled labor into the United States. However, the -number of legal immigrants in the United States are at an all-time high and consequently, there is a need to ensure that there is an immigration control plan that is put in place. This will ensure that the number of people that are entering the United States are regulated by the government and the number is regulated at a number that the government deems fit.
There are very few jobs that cannot be able to be filled by three hundred million Americans, however, one has to strain a lot in order to think of such a job. The United States is the only major country in the world that confers citizenship to everyone that was born in it even when their parents were in the United States illegally. This is often referred to as birthright citizenship and it was enacted after the civil war in order to prevent the Southern States from denying freed slaves citizenship. In fact, why this should apply to the children of illegal aliens in the United States can be described as bizarre, suicidal and sense. There are several measures that the government can take in order to control immigration into the United States (Lee 39). Firstly, there is a need for the government to improve the education system in order to churn out more qualified workers to replace the immigrants that come looking for jobs. Secondly, there is a need for the government to tighten the rules on family reunification as well as limit the access to residence as well as citizenship. These methods will be extremely crucial in ensuring that the immigration population in the United States is effectively controlled.
Lee, Kenneth K. Huddled Masses, Muddled Laws: Why Contemporary Immigration Policy Fails to Reflect Public Opinion. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 1998. Print.
Cornelisse, Galina. Immigration Detention and Human Rights: Rethinking Territorial Sovereignty. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2010. Print.
East-west Migration: The Alternatives. Cambridge (Mass.: MIT press, 1992. Print.
Chetail, Vincent, and Céline Bauloz. Research Handbook on International Law and Migration. , 2014. Print.
Medina, Maria I. Migration Law in the Usa. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2011. Print.
Canterbury, Dennis C. Capital Accumulation and Migration. Leiden: Brill, 2012. Print.
Bean, Frank D, Barry Edmonston, and Jeffrey S. Passel. Undocumented Migration to the United States: Irca and the Experience of the 1980s. Santa Monica (Calif.: Rand corporation, 1990. Print.
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