Immigration & Customs Enforcement Agency Essay Examples & Outline
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IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
Risk management involves a systematic process whereby companies identify and assess potential risks, before taking actions that are necessary to mitigate the risks. Risk, simply put, is the possibility that a company might be harmed or incur loses due to unforeseen future occurrences. However, it must be noted that some risks might offer possible opportunities. There are considerable gains to be achieved by companies taking risks, and this explains why effective risk management continues to be a critical factor in company operations.
Companies, however, should use risk management as a preventive measure and not a reactive measure. One area of risk management that most companies have always grappled with is reducing information exposure. All companies, regardless of their sizes, are increasingly dependent on information for the smooth running of their businesses. This ensures that critical data is protected, and should therefore be given high priority. Information exposure assessment has always been a collaborative process, and organizations are therefore tasked with addressing various foundational questions if they are to be successful in risk management.
With regards to risk mitigation, two critical steps should be ensured. The potential failure points must first be identified for every risk mitigation solution. For every identifiable failure point, a “flag” should be raised to document the event so as to show that the event has reached a critical condition. For every failure point that has been identified, alternatives should be provided that will ensure the failure is corrected. This implies that the first step is risk identification, followed by risk impact assessment.
This should then be followed by risk prioritization analysis and finally progress monitoring. In preparation for recovery strategies, certain factors must be ensured. The first is accepting/ assuming the risk. This, simply put, is the acknowledgement that a particular risk exists which should be accepted rather than be controlled. The other recovery strategy is transferring the risk. This might include steps like reassigning organizational authority, responsibility and accountability to another willing stakeholder. The other strategy is monitoring the risk.
The environment should be monitored for changes which might impact the risk. Particular focus should be paid on the root causes, both external and internal. In the U.S, the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act provides the impetus for leading firms to institute enterprise risk management.
Information security has four key concepts name; authenticity, availability, integrity and confidentiality. Confidentiality represents the concepts’ core as it protects critical information. Data encryption is the step mostly used to ensure this. Integrity means that the data should not be substituted or altered illegally. Only the authorized gent should change any information. Availability means that the data should be accessible. Authenticity implies that the data should be verifiable.
The main concept of personal security is protection against physical violence. The harm could either be from external or internal sources. Examples include predatory adults, domestic abuse or even violent individuals. The main concepts of physical security include deterrence methods, intrusion detection, access control and security personnel. Deterrence methods include factors like security lighting, natural surveillance and physical barriers. Intrusion detection includes factors like alarm systems and video surveillance. Access control includes factors like electronic access control, identification systems and mechanical access. They are meant to protect both property and personnel from harm or damage.
There are various planning approaches that might come in handy in preventing business losses. The first planning approach is to methodically identify potential risks that surround a business. This should then be followed by assessing the risk likelihood. This will shed light on how best to address the risk because systems will be put into place to tackle all the consequence. Finally, the effectiveness of the risk management controls and approaches should be monitored. If this is effectively done, it will be instrumental in ensuring the prioritization, planning as well as decision making. It will also help a business allocate its resources and capital more efficiently. This will go a long way in ensuring the business plan is delivered on time.
Concerns have been raised that the functions and roles of the criminal justice as a reactive institution to the security roles have largely been ignored. For too long, crime victims have not been accorded proper protection and support, and this is something that is continuously concerning concern within different quarters. At the center of any government’s legislative program, there should be a commitment to rebalance and reform the criminal justice system. This will ensure that the interests of communities, witnesses and victims are protected, and that justice is delivered to all. Many crime victims feel excluded, ignored and profoundly belittled by the criminal justice system. Any opportunities to take place are few, and very narrowly defined. The physical, financial and emotional needs of victims are rarely addressed. The traditional criminal justice has given no meaningful contact with the wrongdoers, and this has also not helped matters.
Hewitt, J. D. (2009). Exploring Criminal Justice: The Essentials. New Jersey: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.