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The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas is one of the short stories published in 1973 by Ursula K. Le Guin. The short story majors on the city of Omelas and gives descriptions about the different characters. The film won a couple of awards including, Hugo Award for Best Short Story in 1974. The story depicts Omelas as a utopian city of delight and happiness with residents who are knowledgeable and cultured. Everything in the city runs well, but there is one exception, there is a child that must excluded from the rest of the community (Erlich, 2010). The child is kept in filthy dirt, darkness and misery. The people of Omelas take the news about the forthcoming of this child very seriously. They, therefore, vow to live their lives in a way that is meant to make the suffering of the child acceptable.
Serenity is an American film produced in 2005, directed and written by Joss Whedon. The movie talks about the earth in the 26th century where human has overpopulated the earth and relocated to a new planet. Humans are on a rampage, and they keep on conquering mew planets and new colonies to satisfy the big population. The Alliance, which is in charge of taking and acquiring new colonies, has held some young people. The youth is held by force, and the Alliance’s scientists are using them for mental and physical conditioning. One of the young girls held is called the River Tam and she are rescued by her brother Simon, and they find refuge in a Firefly-class transport ship Serenity. The two are then supposed to be murdered since River has knowledge about her psychic abilities. There is developing the story that makes the movie very interesting.
However, the movie Serenity was a failure compared to the short story The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas. The two examples are a type of a dystopian film and a dystopian story. A dystopia is a place where people lead lives that are dehumanized and fearful lives and the place is imaginary. In the movie Serenity, it does not create a dystopia as well as a short story The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas. The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas ends with the residents leaving the town and moving to a place that does not seem to exist. In Serenity, the human relocate to other planets due to overpopulation. In Serenity, there is also fighting between the different humans with everyone fighting for a survival chance.
Read also about the short story on Oedipus the King
The movie Serenity is also considered as a box office failure and fails to capture the bigger percentage of sci-fi viewers. The director fails in this movie compared to the rest of his movies since he has produced better films before (DeCandido, 2005). The film Serenity and the short story The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas have some similarities. The two talk about the migration of residents to another place. The only difference is the reason of migration: for Serenity the reason is overpopulation while, for a short story, the people are running away from the child and seeking for a better residence. The movie also depicts another version of utopia while the story has a completely different one. The people in the movie have advanced technology and are even experimenting on the youth. On the other hand, the people of Omelas are very bright but are blinded by the fact that there is an evil child. In conclusion, though the movie and the short story have the same line of the story, the way the story is presented is completely different.
DeCandido, K. R. A., & Whedon, J. (2005). Serenity: A novel. New York: Pocket Star Books.
Erlich, Richard D., & Le Guin, Ursula K. (2010). Coyote's Song: The Teaching Stories of Ursula K. Le Guin. Borgo Pr.
Rain man is an American drama film that made its debut in 1988. The movie was written by Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow, and the director behind the film is Barry Levinson. The film received very positive feedback after its release and aired in cinema halls for quite a while. The film also emerged very successful after it won four Oscar awards in March 1989, a year after its release at the 61st Academy Awards. The awards were inclusive of Best Original Screenplay, Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor, which went out to Dustin Hoffman playing the role of Raymond Babbitt. The film also won the Golden Bear award held at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival, and its crew also received four additional nominations.
The story revolves around two brothers, Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise) and Raymond Babbitt (Dustin Hoffman). Charlie now faces a situation where he has to build a relationship with his autistic brother, Raymond. Charlie is a car dealer based in Los Angeles has just finished cutting a deal that will see him import four grey Lamborghinis and is on a trip to Palm Springs for the weekend in the company of his girlfriend, Susanna (Valeria Golino). The trip has to be cancelled after Charlie learns of the death of his father, Sanford Babbit. He has to change direction and head to Cincinnati, Ohio to settle the issue on his father’s property.
On arrival, he receives information that the amount of three million US dollars is already under transfer to a beneficiary he is not aware of, and the money will be in the care of a trustee, one he also does not know. His father left him several pieces of land and a 1949 Buick Roadmaster convertible. The car was the cause of very many arguments between Charlie and his father when he was alive. He later on finds out the trustee in charge of three million is a mental institution and the beneficiary is his brother, Raymond Babbitt, whom he did not know about his existence. His discovery is a shocker and wonders why nobody informed him of the fact that he had a brother all this time.
Raymond is autistic, and that is the reason why he is in a mental institution. He possesses a special ability, however, where he can count hundreds of stuff at ago. He is afraid of change in anything and happens to have a very strict routine that he follows. While he is in distress, he does not maintain eye contact and shows very minimal emotions (Schull, 2003). Charlie, however, is angry due to his father’s decision, and he takes his brother Raymond, on a road trip back to Los Angeles to meet up with his lawyers. The two are not able fly due to Raymond’s fear of flying, and that is why they travel by road. Charlie has a well set out plan; he will fight for the custody of his brother with his doctor, Dr. Gerald R. Bruner (Jerry Molen). In so doing, he is sure the doctor will want to settle out of the court where he will take the advantage ad demand for Raymond’s half of the wealth left to him in order to grant the doctor custody over his brother.
Charlie learns about how his brother Raymond’s, separation from their family, and this was due to an accident that happened when Charlie was a kid. Raymond also goes ahead to sing a song by the Beatles, ‘I Saw Her Standing There’ and this pricks Charlie’s mind. He remembers of a figure in his childhood he was not sure whether they existed. He now recalls the ‘Rain Man’, the name for his imaginary friend which happens to be a mispronunciation of Raymond. After this discovery, Charlie tends to love his brother and even grows to become overprotective over him (Schull, 2003). He drops the deal they had made with Raymond’s doctor and agrees that his brother needs care that he cannot offer. Charlie, however, asks that he be allowed to visit his brother frequently.
Autism is a mental condition or disorder that develops when one is a child, and it reduces one’s response to communicate and even affects the formation of relationships. Most children can be detected with autism as young as three years old (Veague 2010). The condition is a result of the lag in the processing of information in the brain, and this is through an alteration of the set up of nerves and synapses. It remains a bigger mystery how this occurs, and research is ongoing to try and establish how it happens. Autism is a genetic condition and may be passed from one generation to the other. There are also some proposed economic causes such as pesticides, child vaccines and heavy metals which may be associated to the condition at times.
In every a thousand people, in the world, two happen to be autistic. Children born with the condition develop normally then regress. The condition if detected early enough can be contained, and the children taught to grasp social and communication skills (Veague, 2010). In this condition, the children find it hard to relate with others, and they often play alone. Making and keeping friends also proves to be a challenge and children with the condition are lonely and find it hard to relate with non-autistic children. The children also happen to engage in repetitive behaviors like; hand flapping or clapping, rolling their heads, arranging objects in line, insisting that furniture does not be moved, constant focus on a single toy or television station and injuring themselves.
The Yellow wallpaper is a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, an American writer that is six thousand words long. The book is an early publication looking at the attitudes related with women’s physical and mental health in the nineteenth century (Gilman 2010). The book is a collection of journals written in the first person perspective. It talks about the troubles of a woman locked up in one of the bedrooms of the houses her physician husband has rented for the summer. The woman is not allowed permission to go and work, and she even has to hide her journal from him since it her only war of defeating boredom.
The journal portrays the theme of feminism vehemently. After the birth of a child, the husband, John decides that a summer trip would be very successful, and the family embarks on one where they rent a colonial mansion. To her surprise, she finds herself locked up in a bedroom upstairs where she is not even supposed to leave. Instead of having a chance to be a mother to her newborn child, she is deprived of the duty to her child and is confined alone in a room. In the book, the author aims at empowering women to fight for their freedom, something they did not have in the nineteenth century. The fact she is locked up by her husband after giving birth goes a long way to show that women during this time had no freedom.
Schizophrenia is a condition brought about by a mental disorder which affects emotion, social behavior and thought. People with the disease tend to possess withdrawal from reality and personal relationships, mental fragmentation, and those with the disease tend to sink into fantasy and delusion but act normally in social situations. The woman in the journal due to being confined in the room suffers a mental condition that leads her to crumble into psychosis (Gilman 2010). As a result of the boredom, she grows an interest for the pattern and color of the wallpaper which leads to an obsession.
The yellow wallpaper seems very surprising to her and keeps her on her toes. She has an imagination that there are several women creeping behind the wallpaper, and she happens to be one of them. She sinks so deep into schizophrenia that she locks herself in the room and does not want to leave even after the summer is over. This is because she had adjusted to the yellow world, due to the yellow wallpaper and if she goes out it is green and to her it is not good enough.
A research carried out in a mental institution shows that those who are put under restrictions are in a worse situation than those who are free to move around and relate with others. The study involved the closer look and assessment of four mental patients, two who are under restriction and two who have some freedom. The results show that those who are able to move out of their rooms and relate with the other patients, are able to form friends and relationships. This has proved to be helpful, and such patients even respond better to medication. On the other hand, those who are confined have much serious mental condition and may even portray violence. Their response to medication has also shown to be very negative.
In conclusion, the two novels were very important as case studies. Both authors have shown the power to prove the existence of mental conditions and what might cause them. The research, on the other hand, proves that how one handles a mental patient affects their recovery process (Farrell, 2010). It is important for patients to be allowed to socialize and create relationships. This may act as a security when they have a problem and may help in a significant way to quickening their recovery.
Farrell, C. (2010). Mental disorders. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Gilman, C. P. S. (2010). The Yellow Wallpaper. Boston: MobileReference.com.
Schull, R. (2003). Autism, pre Rain Man: Pre Rain Man autism. New York: iUniverse.
Veague, H. B. (2010). Autism. New York, NY: Chelsea House.
Zombie movies have seen tremendous evolution in recent times. Although some critics view this genre of movies as being too repetitious, it has always received accolades for living up to expectations of viewers. The maniacal misfits, psychopathic slashers and bloodthirsty vampires have always given audiences the horrific and chilling fear. A keen analysis of zombie movies reveals that they have become more faster than was the case in old movies. During old movies, zombies were portrayed as mindless creatures that are gore and mindless. This, however, is no longer the case. Modern movies portray zombies as being fast, smart and agile. “World War Z” is one such movie[ Christie, Deborah. The main aspects that have changed regarding old and modern zombie movies include lighting, special effects, editing and camera work.
In old zombie movies, it always appeared like they are adhering to certain basic rules. They always seemed to have that second death, something that most modern-day directors have not incorporated in their work. They portray zombies as having moods. This implies that they can either run or walk depending on their moods. Decades ago, people screamed at how mindless and slow the creatures were. In modern age, they are crying with terror as they try to get away from the devious and agile zombies. The editing speed is therefore one area that has witnessed considerable transformation. If “Dawn of the Dead” that premiered in 1978 and “World War Z” are taken for comparison, this aspect becomes clearer
Old zombie movies had slower editing speeds, and this depicted the creatures as being shambling walkers who are only interested in hunting the living. It must be appreciated that the quicker speed of editing has significantly altered the nature of horror that is exuded by the trailers. Decades prior, horror came in the form of the creatures. In modern day, however, horror comes from the fearful suspense that directors have mastered the art of ensuring. The editing speed therefore forms the major difference as far as general change is concerned. This builds thriller suspense rather than horror suspense. When speed escalates, it brings about a psychological fear that is widely associated with being hunted or chased. Admittedly, this fear is different from that which is created by bloodletting scenes of disoriented and mindless living dead.
Camera work is yet another factor that cannot be ignored with regards to this. This forms a critical component in drawing a distinction between old and new zombie movies. A keen analysis further reveals that old trailers mostly incorporated close-up shots of the creatures. To maximize fear, it was common for the directors to zoom the fleshy and gross faces of zombies. This fear was largely induced from violence and primal gore. The camera work incorporated numerous bust shots and hideous faces, and this made viewers cringe with fear each times the shots came up. Modern zombie movies, on the contrary, have longer shots, and they also desist from any close-up shots. The longer shots, which are both wide and full, are intended to manifest the zombies’ destructiveness.
Hordes of zombies are usually shown going after humans, and in their wake, they leave untold destruction. Old zombie movies had only subtle camera work. The same is not true for modern zombie movies
Decades ago, all the angles in zombie trailers were simple and in a rather predictable routine. This has transformed tremendously in modern era. The camera work is currently fast-paced, and it has also been ensured that jerking camera movements are incorporated. This has come in handy in capturing the much needed sense of terror and anxiety. “28 days Later” of 2002 is one such example. it is this period that marked the introduction of running zombies. Simply put, modern zombie movies show added varied camera angles. To capture any destructiveness that zombies’ cause, bird’s view angles are being employed to devastating effect. This is helpful in portraying the level of horror that comes with zombie attacks
Special effects are the hallmark of modern zombie movies. This aspect includes special make-up, and it forms an integral part of modern zombie movies. Modern zombie-movie directors appreciate the fact that the living dead have to be depicted with a certain level of realism. Although this task is never easy, it is necessary and must be observed. Decades ago, digital technology was not available, and this probably explains why a lot of differences exist with regards to this. Hands on make up and special effects had to employed, and this made the overall movie display rather plastic. Special effects are not as simple as they appear, and a lot of work has to be put to ensure that they achieve their intended purpose
In old zombie movies, their faces were covered in mortian wax and grey paint. Some thick liquid then drizzled over their faces, and this was to serve as blood. In modern movies, however, the zombies are quite illusory. The special effects have been done in an impressive way, and all these make for a gruesome and startling image. Digital technology is utilized extensively in modern zombie movies to make the make up appear even more real. They appear more natural, and this is instrumental in achieving its intended purpose. Digital technology has greatly enhanced how zombies’; appear, and this has also ensured that the aggressiveness of the zombies is maximized. This consequently increases the fear that is associated with zombies. What special effects do is incorporate the sense of pure horror with reality in an adequate and vivid manner.
The other aspect is obviously lighting. In any film, lighting forms a fundamental component that cannot be underscored. In modern zombie films, there is the impressive use of hard lighting which creates a very effective ambience for frightening viewers. Dim lighting sources have also been incorporated to portray zombies as more horrifying and creepy. This also brings out intense suspense horror, especially given the constant shifts of shadow, dark and light. It is critical that the sequences in lighting be shown carefully, and this is what modern movies have done
In conclusion, little doubt exists as to if zombie movies have evolved over the years. The industry, together with the technology has all developed significantly, and these have made zombie movies appear more real. Directors have moved from gross special effects, subtle camera movements and slower editing speeds to more realistic effects. This has considerably suited the changing population of today because it pushes viewers into fear through the camera angles and the sophisticated camera movements. Although originality is an issue that modern zombie movies have been accused of lacking, they are definitely more real than old zombie movies.
Christie, Deborah. Better Off Dead: The Evolution of the Zombie as Post-human. Oxford: Oxford publishers, 2011.
Kay, Glenn. Zombie Movies: The Ultimate Guide. Oxford: Oxford Publishers, 2008.
McIntosh, Shawn. Zombie Culture: Autopsies of the Living Dead. New Jersey: John Wiley, 2008.
Russell, Jamie. The Book of the Dead. John Wiley: New Jersey, 2014.
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