Personality Disorders Essay Examples & Outline

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Personality Disorders

The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often referred to as ADHD is a psychiatric disorder that involves the neurodevelopment of the person and they often show several significant problems such as attention, acting impulsively which can be described as not being appropriate for the person’s age. The cause of ADHD is generally unknown despite it being one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases among st children. The main feature of the borderline personality disorder can be described as a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationship, self image as well as emotions.

It is of the essence to understand that people with borderline personality disorders are often very impulsive and often at times they might show injurious behaviors. This includes risky sexual behaviors, cutting themselves as well as suicide attempts. The borderline personality disorder often occurs to most people that are in their early adulthood. The avoidant personality disorder can be described as a mental health condition where the person has a long pattern of feeling very shy, and is usually sensitive to rejection. The condition is also referred to as anxious personality disorder as the persons that are afflicted with this disorder for tend to describe themselves as being ease, lonely and isolated from others. They often consider themselves to be socially inept and being personally unappealing.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is often characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism as well as an interpersonal control and a need for what can be described as power over the environment. This is often done at the full expense of efficiency, flexibility and openness. It is of the essence to understand that this disorder often results into complete satisfaction after performing these rituals to the point of excluding leisure activities as well as friendships.

The disorder often occurs to about 2-8% of the general population and is most common in men. The dependent personality disorder is often characterized by a long standing need for a person to be taken care of and the fear of being abandoned makes the individual worried. This often leads to the person to engage in what can be described as dependent and submissive behavior that is often designed to elicit care giving tendencies and behaviors amongst other persons. This dependent behavior may at times involves a person being clingy onto others because they fear that their lives cannot be of much importance without other persons in their lives. The individuals with this condition are often involves with pessimism as well as self doubt.

Disorder Description Main symptoms ADHD

The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often referred to as ADHD is a psychiatric disorder that involves the neurodevelopment of the person and they often show several significant problems such as attention, The cause of ADHD is generally unknown despite it being one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases amongst children. Acting impulsively which can be described as not being appropriate for the person’s age.

Borderline personality disorder

The main feature of the borderline personality disorder can be described as a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationship, self image as well as emotions. The borderline personality disorder often occurs to most people that are in their early adulthood.It is of the essence to understand that people with borderline personality disorders are often very impulsive and often at times they might show injurious behaviors. This includes risky sexual behaviors, cutting themselves as well as suicide attempts.

Avoidant personality disorder The avoidant personality disorder can be described as a mental health condition where the person has a long pattern of feeling very shy, and is usually sensitive to rejection. They often consider themselves to be socially inept and being personally unappealing.The condition is also referred to as anxious personality disorder as the persons that are afflicted with this disorder for tend to describe themselves as being ease, lonely and isolated from others.

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is often characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism as well as an interpersonal control and a need for what can be described as power over the environment. This is often done at the full expense of efficiency, flexibility and openness. The disorder often occurs to about 2-8% of the general population and is most common in men. It is of the essence to understand that this disorder often results into complete satisfaction after performing these rituals to the point of excluding leisure activities as well as friendships.

Dependent Personality Disorder

The dependent personality disorder is often characterized by a long standing need for a person to be taken care of and the fear of being abandoned makes the individual worried. This often leads to the person to engage in what can be described as dependent and submissive behavior that is often designed to elicit care giving tendencies and behaviors amongst other persons.
This dependent behavior may at times involves a person being clingy onto others because they fear that their lives cannot be of much importance without other persons in their lives. The individuals with this condition are often involves with pessimism as well as self doubt.

The author uses multiple theories in order to explain the personality disorder. There are times that he uses the biological approaches that suggest that indeed genetics are the ones that are responsible for personality, there are other times where he uses the behavioral theories arguing that the behavioral theories often suggest that the personality disorder often result from the interaction that exists between the environment and the individual.

The behavioral theorists often study observable as well as measureable behaviors. Lastly, there is also the use of the trait theories as an approach to the personality disorders by the author. According to him, there at times that personality is made up of a number of large and broad traits. However, in general it can be argued that the author tends to lean on the side of behavioral theories arguing that indeed the internal thoughts of a person does not have an effect on the personality but rather it is the interaction of the individual with the environment that leads to one’s personality and consequently the personality disorders arise because of this interaction with the environment.

The author argues that in order to manage ADHD, there is a need for a combination of counseling, medications, and lifestyle changes. He however, refutes the use of medications but only argues that this can be done in severe cases or in cases where there is failure to improve with counseling. In regards to borderline personality disorder, the author argues that there is a need to give this personality disorder a new name as the borderline personality disorder does not fit with the description of the symptoms.

He argues that in order to treat this disorder there is a need for psychotherapy in order to treat this problem. He argues that while medications can often help cure some symptoms of the disorder, they cannot help the patient to learn several different and new coping skills such as emotion regulation and other important changes that should occur in the person’s lifestyle. The author emphasizes that there is a need for suicide to be carefully assessed as well as monitored through the entire session of treatment. When the suicidal tendencies and feelings are considered severe, the medication and hospitalization should be seriously considered.

The author contends that indeed borderline personality disorder is one of the disorders that are intrinsically difficult to treat. In regards to the treatment of avoidant personality disorder, the author argues that there is a need to use various techniques and this range from social skills training, cognitive therapy as well as exposure treatment that leads to a gradual increase in social contacts. He argues that a key component in treating the avoidant personality disorder is the gaining as well as keeping the patient trust because if not the persons that have the avoidant personality disorder often start to avoid treatment sessions.

This often happens when they distrust or even fear the rejection of the therapist. Obsessive compulsive disorder can be treated using cognitive behavioral therapy where there is a change in obsessive disorder. The author argues that there is a need to take care of the person in a way that will show him or her that the obsession with doing something is harming his or her life. It is only through this therapy that the person can be able to leave the obsession. Further, aversion can also be important in curing the obsession as the person will receive a negative feedback that will classically condition him or her to leave the behavior.

As it can be seen above, there are many treatment methods, however, the main treatment method is the use of therapy. The author believes that therapy and gaining trust with the patient is one of the key elements that can be used when it comes to the treatment of the disorders. However, there are other treatment methods that are recommended by the author. Treatment using medication seems to be the least favorite treatment method amongst the author and he believes that indeed this method should only be used as a last resort but should never be used as the first line of treatment.

Social awareness is another treatment approach that should be explored when treating the personality disorders, this is because it plays an important role in showing the patients that the deep seated feelings that they have of inferiority complex as well as significant social fear are just but patterns that do not change dramatically. Therefore, they tend to raise their self-esteem and this can be described as the first step towards recovery and is extremely important to any patient.

The use of medication can also be explored in severe cases, and the use of antidepressants can be used to improve the moods of the persons that might later lead to increasing feelings of self-awareness, self-respect and self-esteem. Decluttering the author argues can be an important treatment and he recommends it for personality disorders.

I agree with the author’s treatment approaches, I think that he has structured his arguments for the treatments in a clear and concise way. He has given reasons as to why a person might decide to ensure that indeed he or she uses therapy instead of medication. Therefore, I do agree with him in regards to the different treatment methods and perspectives that he has regarding how the personality disorders should be treated in an efficient and effective manner.

References

London R., (2008)“Approaches, perspectives on ADHD. ’Borderline’ label needs a new name” Treating avoidant personality disorder Helping OCPD patients break free” “Treating the dependent personality “Is decluttering a form of therapy?”